Holy Trinity

Introduction

The word trinity is derived from the Latin word trinitas, which means three or triad. The word trinity was introduced by Tertullian (160-225 AD) who was a pagan turned Catholic theologian and one of the early Church fathers who wrote in the early third century to define the teaching concerning the Godhead. He concluded that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit were one substance, but not one in person.

There are many unanswered questions about the trinity doctrine and the most obvious is where in the Bible is it explained? Scholars throughout history have acknowledged that it is not found in the Bible.

Many will respond that the trinity doctrine is found in 1 John 5:7. But the italicized part of this verse that says “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.” does not exist in the earliest manuscripts!

The Origin of the Trinity Doctrine

It was about a century after Tertullian when Arianism began causing so many disputes that Emperor Constantine convened the first ecumenical Council in Church history to settle them. Arius was an elder in the Alexandrian church in the early fourth century AD that supposedly taught Christ was a created creature and was not equal with the Father. Opposing the teachings of Arius was Athanasius, a deacon also from Alexandria. His view was an early form of Trinitarianism where the Father, Son and Holy Spirit were one but at the same time distinct from each other. God's true Church was largely absent by this time as it had been driven underground. So in this stormy period of bloodshed we often see debates not between truth and error, but between one error and a different error. Note that some historians claim the Catholic Church burnt what Arius wrote (Thalia), altered records and falsely rumoured that he taught Christ was created in order to discredit him.

Some believe Constantine was the first Christian Roman Emperor but he was actually a sun worshiper who was baptized on his deathbed. During his reign he had his eldest son and his wife murdered. His belief at best was a blend of paganism and Christianity for political purposes, and so he neither cared nor really understood this dispute but was just eager to bring the controversy to a close and keep unity in his empire. When the bishops gathered at Nicea on May 20, 325 AD to resolve the crisis, very few shared Athanasius's view of Christ as most held a position midway between Athanasius and Arius. The religious debates lasted two months before the Council rejected the minority view of Arius, but having no alternative, Constantine approved the view of Athanasius, which was also a minority view. And so the Church was left supporting a belief held by only a minority of those attending. The Encyclopedia Britannica states: “Constantine himself presided, actively guiding the discussions, and personally proposed ... the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council ... Overawed by the emperor, the bishops, with two exceptions only, signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination.” (1971 edition, Vol. 6, “Constantine,” p. 386)

Horrific religious persecution followed the decision made by Constantine who was essentially a pagan Emperor who imposed an invented creed never preached by Jesus. As a pagan sun worshipper, Constantine also enforced the first Sunday law just four years earlier and hence played a major role in bringing two pagan traditions into the Church. It was four hundred years after the cross when they formulated this creed that never existed before hand, and so the Apostles and the early Church could never have taught it either. See Encyclopedia Britannica and historical quotes. Many of the Bishops who formulated the doctrine of the trinity were steeped in Greek and Platonic philosophy, which influenced their religious views. In fact the language they used in defining the trinity is taken directly from Platonic and Greek philosophy. The Platonic term trias, meaning three, was Latinized as trinitas, which gave us the English word trinity which is neither biblical nor Christian. As Bible scholars John McClintock and James Strong (wrote the famous Strong's Concordance) explain, “Towards the end of the 1st century, and during the 2nd, many learned men came over both from Judaism and paganism to Christianity. These brought with them into the Christian schools of theology their Platonic ideas and phraseology.” (Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, 1891, Vol. 10, “Trinity,” p. 553)

Notice how these quotes document belief in a divine trinity in many regions and religions of the ancient world and that the origin of the conception is entirely pagan. Egyptologist Arthur Weigall summed up the influence of ancient beliefs on the adoption of the trinity doctrine by the Catholic Church in this excerpt from his book Paganism in Our Christianity.

The Council of Nicea did not end the controversy and the bishops went on teaching as they had before, and the Arian crisis continued for another sixty years. Arius and his followers fought back and managed to regain imperial favor. Athanasius was exiled no fewer than five times. It was very difficult to make his creed stick. The ongoing disputes were violent and bloody at times. Noted historian Will Durant writes, “Probably more Christians were slaughtered by Christians in these two years (342-3) than by all the persecutions of Christians by pagans in the history of Rome.” (The Story of Civilization, Vol. 4: The Age of Faith, 1950, p. 8). So Christians fought and slaughtered one another over their differing views of God!

Disputes eventually became over the nature of the Holy Spirit. So in the year 381 AD, 44 years after Constantine's death, Emperor Theodosius the Great, baptized only a year earlier, convened the Council of Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) to resolve them. Nectarius, an elderly city senator had to take over the role of archbishop of Constantinople and presided over the council due to illness. And so Nectarius was baptized for the job and the Trinitarian view on the Holy Spirit was governed by someone with little or no knowledge of theology! What resulted became known as the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. Any who disagreed were in accordance with the edicts of the emperor and Church authorities branded heretics and dealt with accordingly. This final teaching on the nature of God is what became the trinity as generally understood today. It was not decided so much from Scripture as it was from paganism, much bloodshed and those with the most power and influence. See the pagan origins of the trinity doctrine for detailed information

What is the Trinity Doctrine?

The trinity doctrine as taught by most Churches states that there are three coequal (equal in every respect), coeternal (the same age), omniscient (all knowing), omnipotent (all powerful) gods, who are not three gods, but one. By the words of the Athanasian Creed it is, “the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God.” The Athanasian Creed (Roman Catholic Creed) says that the one God is three divine personalities in one indivisible substance or essence. It is the one indivisible nature part which is a problem because it is maintained that this constitutes the one God being 1+1+1=One! That is, the Father is God, Jesus is God, the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three gods but one God, and that is the trinity!

You do not have to be very smart to realise this makes no sense at all. Therefore, those teaching this doctrine tag it with the word mystery, stating that you will never be able to understand it so just accept it. In this way Satan has tricked people into believing this falsehood without checking it out for themselves. There is in fact not one Scripture in the Bible that states the Holy Spirit is God, not one! And you will later discover that there is also not one Scripture that says all three are one.

Some differ on some points from orthodoxy but regarding the basic premise being the one God is three gods in one, it is exactly the same as the Athanasian Creed. This is the creed upon which the Roman Catholic faith is built.

Implications of the Trinity

The explanation of the One God being a trinity effectively denies there really is a divine Father and a divine Son, which according to the Scriptures is the epitome of false teaching. And according to the Word of God, a denial of both the Father and the Son is antichrist (1 John 2:22-23). Notice that John says nothing about denying the Holy Spirit. It also effectively teaches that the pre-existent divine Son of God did not die at Calvary. It teaches instead that only human nature died, which at the best provides only a human sacrifice as atonement.

Ever since the death of Jesus, it has always been the intention of Satan to pervert what Christ achieved in His incarnation (meaning in our Saviour's life and death). Our adversary can do nothing about what Christ actually achieved, so in various ways he has attempted to do the next best thing, which is to pervert our understanding of it. So one of the main aims of Satan is to promote the belief that the divine person of Christ did not actually die at Calvary. Satan also aims to pervert how much it cost God in sacrificing His Son. The Father supposedly never risked anything by giving up His Son, for they claim that Christ could not have possibly sinned. Therefore, nothing was at stake. If only human nature suffered and died, as the trinity doctrine teaches, then the divine Christ remained unscathed. And since God cannot die, Christ would never have been able to die under any circumstance. Yet Jesus said, “I am He that liveth, and was dead.Revelation 1:18.

A Christian author from the 1800's wrote, “To believe that doctrine, when reading the scripture we must believe that God sent Himself into the world, died to reconcile the world to Himself, raised Himself from the dead, ascended to Himself in heaven, pleads before Himself in heaven to reconcile the world to Himself, and is the only mediator between man and Himself… We must believe also that in the garden God prayed to Himself, if it were possible, to let the cup pass from Himself, and a thousand other such absurdities.” (Loughborough) There are many things which are hard to understand in the Bible but you can be sure that God never expects us to believe impossibilities.

One God or Three?

For more than 3,000 years, Jews have repeated Deuteronomy 6:4. “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” This sacred passage is called the Shema (pronounced shaw-mah and is named after the Hebrew for its first word) and has been held in high esteem and memorized by devout Jews for centuries. Trinitarians say if the Bible says there is only one God then all three must be one, and yet others say if there is only one God, then how can God be composed of three persons?

When Moses said, “The Lord our God is one,” Israel was surrounded with polytheistic nations that worshiped many gods and were constantly involved in petty bickering and rivalry. In Deuteronomy chapter 6 we find Moses exhorts Israel to hear God and to keep His Commandments. And what was the most broken Commandment in Old Testament times? Idolatry! Polytheism is seen rampant all through the Old Testament and hence God constantly rebuking Israel for idolatry, and way more than any other Commandment. They worshipped many false Gods including the sun and the moon as male and female deities. As a result, every devout Jew recites the Shema twice every day, and still do to this very day to keep up the great ancient national protest against the polytheisms and pantheisms of the heathen world. It is the great utterance of the national faith in One Jehovah! What most also fail to recognise is that as far as the Jews are concerned, there is only one God, and the Spirit of God is just that, not a separate being or God. Even Paul said, “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.1 Corinthians 8:6. And John also said “And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.John 17:3. Note that Paul and John have both excluded Christ when they said there is only one God. So the only contradiction would be a belief in the trinity.

The Jesus Only Oneness Doctrine

In the third century, Sabellius who was a Libyan priest living in Rome, taught that God is a single person with different titles known as modalism. The Church recognized Sabellius’ ideas as contrary to Bible teaching and he was quickly excommunicated. Yet he still has adherents today in what is commonly known as the “Oneness” or “Jesus Only” doctrine. The Jesus only teaching claims that Jesus is not only the Son, but also the Father and the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 9:6 is quoted as an attempt to support this belief where the Messiah is called “The everlasting Father,” in a lot of Bible translations. The Greek Septuagint that Jesus and the apostles quoted from does not even contain this phrase at all.

So many try to explain this phrase away when there is no need as the answer lies in the correct Hebrew translation. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible explains, “The Chaldee renders this expression, 'The man abiding forever.' The Vulgate, 'The Father of the future age.' Lowth, 'The Father of the everlasting age.' Literally, it is the Father of eternity.

Thus in the Hebrew text, the phrase is literally “the Father of Eternity,” and so Isaiah 9:6 is not saying Christ is the Father but He is the Father of all time to come. Young's Literal Translation of the Bible is one of very few that translated it correctly. “For a Child hath been born to us, A Son hath been given to us, And the princely power is on his shoulder, And He doth call his name Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.Isaiah 9:6 YLT. Jesus created all things and so in the same manner He is also the Father of creation (Hebrews 1:2; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16-17).

And while on this topic, the Bible physically separates the Father and the Son repeatedly. While Christ was on earth, He referred to, “My Father which is in heaven.Matthew 10:32. He always directed His prayers heavenward to the Father and stated that the Father had His own individual will; “Father, if you be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.Luke 22:42. “And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? Which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?Mark 15:34. “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.Luke 23:46. Then after He died and rose again, He ascended to “the right hand of God.Romans 8:34. Only God knows the hour of His son's return. “But of that day and that hour knows no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.Mark 13:32. John frequently addresses the Father and Son as separate entities. “Our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.1 John 1:3. As did Paul, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;1 Timothy 2:5 and “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.1 Corinthians 8:6. And Stephen, “But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,Acts 7:55. These and others prove the Father has a separate presence.

In fact, Jesus said that He was not the Father more than 80 times. While always remaining one in purpose, Jesus and the Father are clearly separate and distinct persons. And on more than one occasion, the Father spoke to Jesus from heaven. “And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased’.Matthew 3:17. Either Jesus and the Father are two separate individual persons, or Jesus was an expert ventriloquist.

Was Jesus Christ Created?

It is claimed that Arius who was a fourth century Alexandrian priest taught that prior to making anything else, God created a son who was not equal to the Father and was neither fully human nor fully divine. Some claim that back in the dawn of time, God the Father had some form of cosmic intimate relations with the Holy Spirit and Jesus was the product. They reason, “How else can you call Him the Son.” But these concepts are contrary to Scripture in which Jesus is revealed as the Creator and not a created being (John 1:1-4) and Paul in Philippians 2:5-6 states that Jesus is equal with the Father. The Greek word (theotes) for Godhead is found only in Colossians 2:9 and means the divine nature. So the fullness of the divine nature of God dwells in Christ. Jesus also accepted worship that the Ten Commandments reveal is for the Almighty.

The three most common questions asked in this regard today are, was Jesus created before the earth, was Jesus created or begotten and was Jesus created by God the Father? Scripture shows Jesus was not a created being and has existed long before He created all things. Here is one verse this controversy arises from. Psalms 2:7I will declare the decree: the LORD has said unto me, You are my Son; this day have I begotten you.

Is this second psalm saying Jesus was nonexistent at some time or prophesying of a future event? Acts 13:33 has the clearest answer, “God has fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you.” In the significant passage of Acts 13:16-41, Paul tells the story of our Lord and Saviour and how he came and died for our sins, but was raised from the dead by His Father in heaven and did not see corruption. Thus this passage declares it was fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ from the dead. He was born from the dead, and God who raised him demonstrating that He was his Son. This is also supported by Revelation 1:5And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,” See also Hebrews 1:5.

John 1:1(a) In the beginning was the Word, (b) and the Word was with [the] God, (c) and the Word was God.

The proper rendering of John 1:1 into English from the original Koine Greek text continues to be a source of vigorous debate among Bible translators, and especially the phrase the Word was God (c). The first verse of John's Gospel says that God's Son Christ Jesus, being referred to as the Word here, was with God in the beginning, (a+b). John 1:1b does not say that the Messiah is God but was with [the] God. It is important to note that the word [the] exists in the Greek text but was left out by translators as they thought it read wrong. But it is actually correct and has purpose. Here is the original Greek text for (b).
και and 2532 CONJ ο the 3588 T-NSM λογος Word 3056 N-NSM ην was 2258 V-IXI-3S προς with 4314 PREP τον the 3588 T-ASM θεον God 2316 N-ASM

The phrase “the God” identifies the one true God the Father in this verse and so the word “the” is important. While Jesus is called God in this verse, there is a clear distinction between Him and God whom He was with. The God who Jesus was with is [the] God the Father. Jesus was not the same God He was with but rather Jesus was God in the sense of being divine just like His Father, as being the Son, He inherits the characteristics of His Father. The Father is God and so His Son is God by nature. In Hebrews 1:1-9 we note that the speaker is God the Father and that He is addressing the Son and calling Him God. Verse 4 says, “Being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” We find in verse 8 that this more excellent name is the name “God,” which is given by the Father to the Son. “Unto the Son He [God] saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever.” And so this name “He has by inheritance.” It is not a name that was bestowed but a name that was inherited.

One can better understand John 1:1 by using the same grammatical structure but with different subjects such as Adam and Eve for example. “In the beginning was the woman, and the woman was with [the] human, and the woman was human.” Adam is “the human” and the woman is Eve, but Eve is also human by nature but Eve is not “the human” in identity. They are two separate persons. Look at this again with this perspective in mind. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with the Deity, and the Word was Deity.” The Word, the Son was with the supreme Deity the Father, and the Word was Deity in nature. But the Son was not “the” Deity, the Son was not “the” Father, yet the Son has the Father's divine nature by inheritance. The Word has the same God quality, the same divine nature, the same God-ness as His Father. Thus Jesus was with God in the beginning, but is not “the” God the Father but God by inheritance and nature being the Son.

Now, the Bible states that Christ was not created but created all things. John 1:3 states, “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” This verse has two direct statements being that Jesus preexisted and created all things and that all things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. Did you notice that John said that not only were all things made through Him but also that without Him nothing was made.

Paul also confirms what John wrote, “For by Him all things were created.” Paul continues to make sure that we understand what he means by all things. “For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:Colossians 1:16.

If Jesus created all things then He could not have been one of the created things. Paul adds the following just so there can be no mistake about this fact. “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.Colossians 1:17.

Consider the following. If we could travel at a quadrillion times the speed of light in any one direction, would we ever find the end of the universe, like perhaps a wall with a sign saying this is the end? And if so, what would be on the other side of that wall? And what existed before Christ created this universe and all things through His Father? Nothing? And how long did nothing exist for if that was the case? It would have to be forever! And what about God, when did He begin to exist and who created Him? The answer is that there was never a time He did not exist and hence could never have been created. He is God and has always been! And what about the Son of God who was born of the same substance of God? The same applies. He could have come from God when He came into existence. And when was that again? There never was a time that God did not exist as He always has! These are the mysteries of God and things our mind cannot possibly comprehend.

Who is God?

Is God a person? Is He a thing or perhaps some invisible cosmic force? These are important questions to answer and should be easily answered by anyone who understands and knows God. Surprisingly, many Christians are stumped by these questions because they have been taught that God is some ghostly, mysterious vapor that pervades all nature.

Daniel was given a vision that helps us understand God. He wrote, “I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.Daniel 7:9.

Someone called “the Ancient of days,” who wears a white garment and has white hair takes a seat on a throne. Shortly thereafter the “Son of man,” (verse 13) comes before Him. The Ancient of days must be God, the Father. So according to the Bible our heavenly Father is a real Person.

John was given a vision of this same event and states, “And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.Revelation 5:1. Shortly after John saw this, Jesus Christ approaches the throne and takes the book out of His Father's hand. So again we find that God is a real Person who sits on a throne and has a book in His right hand.

God must be a real Person, for Jesus said, “Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.Matthew 5:8. In another place Jesus warns, “Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.Matthew 18:10.

We should expect that God is a real Person for we were created in His image and likeness (Genesis 1:26). When we get to heaven we will find that we resemble God. We will not find a three headed monster with six arms or any other strange thing like that. God's outward form is very much like our own.

The author of the book of Hebrews wrote, “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;Hebrews 1:1-3. Here we learn that Jesus Christ is the express image of God's Person. Therefore God must be a person and Jesus Christ is a real Person also.

Paul confirmed this when He wrote, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:Philippians 2:5-6. The Greek word that was translated “form” means, “the form by which a person or thing strikes the vision, external appearance.” (Thayer's Greek Lexicon). God has an external appearance and His Son Jesus Christ has the same type of appearance. See also Exodus 33:20-23.

Revelation 2:7 and 22:1-2 say that the throne of God is in paradise where the tree of life is and that is where we find God and His Son. God the Person is not omnipresent but can be anywhere through His Spirit. Beware of Pantheism which is the belief that the universe and nature is identical with divinity, which basically would make God everything around us.

Who is Jesus Christ?

Jesus “asked His disciples, saying, Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am? So they said, Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets. He said to them, But who do you say that I am? Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.Matthew 16:13-17 NKJV.

This passage says that the Father who is in Heaven, revealed to Peter, that Jesus who was on Earth, is none other than His Son. Jesus Christ being the Son of God is so important that John wrote at the close of his gospel, “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you might have life through his name.John 20:30-31.

Right after Paul learned the gospel directly from Christ Himself, “straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.Acts 9:20. The apostle Peter, who lived with Jesus and heard His messages firsthand said, “And we believe and are sure that you are that Christ, the Son of the living God.John 6:69. Christ's disciples also exclaimed, “we believe that you came forth from God.John 16:30. Martha who was a close friend of Jesus and heard many of His teachings said to Him, “Yes, Lord: I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.John 11:27. Right after Phillip preached the gospel to the eunuch, “said, If you believe with all thine heart, you may. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.Acts 8:37. Mark said who Jesus was in the first verse of his Gospel. “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;Mark 1:1. Even the demons knew, “they cried out, saying, What have we to do with you, Jesus, you Son of God?Matthew 8:29.

Christ said, “For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist:Luke 7:28. John the Baptist testified, “And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.John 1:34.

Of all the witnesses, the greatest is God the Father Himself. Twice He spoke from heaven saying, “This is my beloved Son,Matthew 3:17; 17:5 Jesus proclaimed, “I am the Son of God.John 10:36. He said that He is “the only begotten Son of God.John 3:18. According to the Bible Jesus Christ was begotten, which literally means born, and before anything was created and long before God sent Him into the world. (John 3:16-17; 18:37; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:1-9 and 1 John 4:9) How Jesus was begotten is not for us to know but God wants us to know that He is His Son who He loves very much. Jesus said, “For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself.John 5:26. According to His own testimony, Jesus is the only begotten Son of God and literally received life from His Father.

This is what Paul explained in regards to Christ, “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature.Colossians 1:15 KJV. Note that the latter part of this verse in the KJV is a bit misleading and should have been translated as “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.Colossians 1:15 NKJV. Some use this verse to say that Christ Himself was a created being. But such an interpretation is contradicted elsewhere in Scripture such as John 1:1-4 and Colossians 1:16-17. Thus we see that Paul is telling us that Christ was “Begotten First or Born Before all creation” because all of creation was created by Christ through His Father. “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world has been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:Ephesians 3:9

Thayer's Greek Lexicon says, “Christ is called, firstborn of all creation, who came into being through God prior to the entire universe of created things.” Barnes New Testament Notes on Colossians 1:15 says, “the word firstborn - pro-tot-ok’-os - properly means the firstborn child of a father or mother.” Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary says, “Begotten (literally, ‘born’) before every creature.” Matthew Henry’s Commentary states “He was born or begotten before all the creation, before any creature was made;

The Bible refers to Jesus Christ as “the image of God,” “the image of the invisible God,” and “the express image of his person.” (2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:3). An image is never the original but always a likeness or duplication of the original. Christ is the Son of God and therefore the express image of His Father. It would be incorrect to say that the Father is the image of His Son because the Father is the original. In the same manner it would be incorrect to refer to Christ as the true or original God since He is the image of the true God.

The Bible refers to Christ as God's Son at least 120 times. Forty seven times using the phrase “Son of God.” Regarding the genuineness of Christ's Sonship, He is called “the only begotten” five times, “the firstborn” three times, “the firstbegotten” once and God's “holy child” twice. Four verses say He was “begotten” prior to His incarnation so this cannot be applied to His birth on Earth from Mary as some have chosen to believe. Four verses say that He “proceeded forth from,” “came out from” or “camest forth from” the Father. The evidence on this subject is overwhelming. Christ truly is the literal begotten Son of God who was brought forth from the Father before all creation. Here are some examples.

While considering the Sonship of Christ, we are faced with a perplexity as some Bible translations appear to say Christ is eternal as well as begotten. Proverbs 8:23 is one such verse but the context and Hebrew text reveals this refers to the beginning when the world was created. The Hebrew word “Olam” used for everlasting in the KJV can have various meanings and does not necessarily mean everlasting if the rest of the text reveals otherwise. See the tooltip for other translation examples. Micah 5:2 also uses the same Hebrew word and has experienced the same translation issue. Hebrews 1:8 has been variously misinterpreted also. It uses the same Greek words as Revelation 22:5 in regards to for ever and ever and both refer to forward in time unless of course we have always existed.

John 8:58 is another verse brought into question that no doubt refers to a time before Abraham but when? Note that the words “I am” simply means “I exist”. See Barnes Commentary on this verse. Jesus appears to be making reference to Exodus 3:14And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall you say unto the children of Israel, I AM has sent me unto you.” These words have been variously understood for centuries. The Vulgate translates it as “I am who am.” The Septuagint to “I am he who exists.” The Targum of Jonathan and the Jerusalem Targum paraphrase the words as “He who spake, and the world was; who spake, and all things existed.” The original words literally signify, “I will be what I will be.” So the only solid conclusion we can come to is that John was not just saying Christ existed before Abraham but before the beginning of this world and was with God at this time.

The Alpha and Omega the Beginning and the End

Many have assumed that Revelation 1:8, 11; 21:6 and 22:13 refer to all eternity as in the beginning of all time. But to begin with, there is no beginning to time as we know it and God has always been. Note Clarke's Commentary on Revelation 1:8 and how these terms were used and applied by the Jews.

The beginning and the end referred to in these passages are the beginning of this created world, while the end is the second coming of Christ and the end of this world, when a New Heaven and Earth are created. Looking at the context of the above passages in Revelation (extra verses for context included), you will note they are always referring to the end of this world in reference to the new Earth and His second coming. And as Clarke's Commentary on Revelation 22:13 also explains, the beginning is when this all started. Considering these verses in Revelation that state the beginning and the end are referring to the creating and beginning of this world, consider now Genesis 1:1, John 1:1-3 and Hebrews 1:10.

Who or What is the Holy Spirit?

Many think a spirit is a ghost in the form of some bodiless phantom that floats around. The American Heritage Dictionary says ghost means “The spirit of a dead person, especially one believed to appear in bodily likeness to living persons or to haunt former habitats.” But the Holy Spirit is certainly not a ghost as described above. Note that “Holy Ghost,” should have been translated as “Holy Spirit.” Sometimes they translated πνευμα αγιον (pneuma hagion) as “Holy Ghost,” and other times they translated the same phrase as “Holy Spirit.

The book of Job says, “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.Job 32:8. A spirit is the part of a person that can be grieved. Daniel explains, “I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body,Daniel 7:15. A spirit is the part of a person that can perceive or understand things. In Mark's gospel we read, “And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason you these things in your hearts?Mark 2:8. A spirit is the part of a person that can be troubled. The king of Babylon had a dream and he told his wise men, “I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.Daniel 2:3.

The Bible mentions several types of spirits. We find “evil spirit,” “dumb spirit,” “unclean spirit,” “foul spirit,” “humble spirit,” “excellent spirit,” “good spirit,” “broken spirit,” “wounded spirit,” “faithful spirit,” and “haughty spirit” etc. All these spirits are distinguishable by the adjective that describes them such as good, foul and humble etc. We know that God the Father has a spirit (Matthew 10:20) and His Spirit of course could be nothing other than Holy. The word “Holy” is also an adjective be it in English or Greek. So “Holy Spirit” is not a name but a description of the Spirit of God.

What would you think if I said, “I know that we have met before, but have you met my spirit? I would like to introduce you to my spirit who is sitting over there on that chair.” You would obviously think I had a twisted concept of what my spirit is. It is not some other person that is separate and distinct from me. My spirit is who I am.

God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ have different names and titles in the Bible because they are Personal Beings. If the Holy Spirit is a personal being co-equal with the Father and Son as the trinity doctrine teaches, then why doesn't it have a personal name also? The “Spirit” is not a name, it is what it is. “Holy” is just the adjective that describes God's Spirit, and other terms such as the “Spirit of God” is not a name either but what it is. It is the Spirit of God! It is also called the “Spirit of your Father” which once again is just what it is. So if the Holy Spirit is truly a personal being then why no personal name?

It was in fact not until 381 AD when it was decided that the Spirit of God must be an actual separate person, and the justification for this today is because secular dictionaries say a person has mind, will and emotions, and various Scriptures say the Holy Spirit does also. This unbiblical logic would mean my spirit within me is also a person, and separate from me, and could also make a schizophrenic cat a person! Notice how Paul compares the spirit of man with the Spirit of God and alone reveals this teaching to be in error. “For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.1 Corinthians 2:11 NIV. Here the spirit of man is likened to the Spirit of God. Just as a man has a spirit, God also has a Spirit in the same manner, and His Spirit is the part of Him associated with the mind, will, and emotions the same as a man. Ephesians 4:30 says the Holy Spirit is “the holy Spirit of God” and to grieve not His Spirit. So just as the spirit of man can be grieved so can God's. If I told you that I was grieving in my spirit, would you think my spirit was a separate person? Obviously not. And it is no different with God and His Spirit. God's Spirit belongs to God, just as my spirit belongs to me. We should expect no less since we were made in God's image (Genesis 1:26). So as Paul said, the Spirit of God knows the thoughts of God because it is His Holy Spirit and hence has His mind will and emotions just like man. This is Biblical exegesis but to say the Holy Spirit has emotions so therefore must be a person is an unbiblical assumption and eisegesis. There is also no Scripture that says the Holy Spirit is God.

Notice these examples of how “Holy Spirit” is used in the Bible. Matthew 3:16and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:” And in the parallel verse of Luke 3:22And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him,” So these verses show that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God.

And for an even clearer example. Luke 12:11-12 says, “take you no thought how or what thing you shall answer, or what you shall say: For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what you ought to say.” Here is the same account recorded by Matthew but notice the words he used to describe the Holy Spirit. “take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak. For it is not you that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.Matthew 10:19-20. So Matthew called the Holy Spirit “the Spirit of your Father.

This is why the Holy Spirit has all the characteristics of the Father because it is His Spirit. Whose Spirit was Jesus anointed with at His baptism? “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:Matthew 3:16. By the power of whose Spirit did Jesus cast out demons? “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.Matthew 12:28. The Apostles did many miracles by the power of whose Spirit just as Jesus did? “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.Romans 15:19. This unmistakable verse says the Holy Spirit is God's Spirit. “Therefore he who rejects this does not reject man, but God who has also given us His Holy Spirit.1 Thessalonians 4:8. There are more than twenty five verses that reveal this simple truth. Here is one more. “And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption.Ephesians 4:30.

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God and thus is from God. This is why Peter said that to lie to the Spirit of God is to lie to God and is no different (Acts 5:3-4). It does not mean however that the Holy Spirit is God, which is the argument Trinitarians use for this belief and is what I call red fire engine logic. That is, fire engines are red, my car is red, therefore my car is a fire engine. As Paul said, “no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.1 Corinthians 2:11 NIV.

Since the trinity doctrine claims the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are literally three co-equal persons, then 1 John 1:3 should have said “truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit,” but not so! The same applies to 1 John 2:22-23. And what an unbelievable and inexplicable oversight for Paul also if the Spirit were indeed a person co-equal with God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ. Because Paul excluded the Holy Spirit in all his greetings!

It is also worth noting that in the Old Testament that the phrase “Holy Spirit” is used 3 times, “Spirit of God” 14 times and “Spirit of the Lord” 26 times. All these phrases are synonymous and not one of these 43 verses imply the Holy Spirit is God or an actual separate person but simply the Holy Spirit of God.

Who is the Comforter?

This is another area of great confusion as some believe that the Comforter is the Holy Spirit while others say it is Christ. Both in a sense could be considered correct providing you understand the Holy Spirit is not a literal person. A lot confusion also comes from a misunderstanding of John 14:26 which says, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” But note the words “which is” are italicized in the King James Version because they were added by the translators, and do not exist in the original Greek manuscripts, and tend to be misleading for some. The Modern King James Bible reads, “But the Comforter, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things,” You will find these two words missing in almost every other translation including the NKJV Bible. See also is the Holy Spirit a he or it?

The Greek word for Comforter is “paraklētos” which according the Strong's dictionary means, “intercessor, advocate, comforter.” The Thayer dictionary used these words, “one who pleads another’s cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant, an advocate.” So who is our advocate? Who is the mediator between God and man? I am sure most already know the answer, but below are two Scriptures that make the answer unmistakably clear. “My little children, these things write I unto you, that you sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate [paraklētos] with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:1 John 2:1 Parentheses are added. Note that the word for advocate here is exactly the same Greek word used in John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7 for Comforter but has been translated here as advocate. And who according to this verse is our advocate? John says our advocate or comforter is “Jesus Christ the righteous.” And again, who does Timothy say our advocate and hence our mediator is between God and man. “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;1 Timothy 2:5.

The passage in John 14:16-23 is also clear who the Comforter is. But note first that the Greek word for another is “allos,” which means another of the same kind and so it means another as the same kind as Christ. And remember that Jesus often speaks of Himself in the third person as He has in this passage. See John 17:1-4 for one such example.

In the passage below Jesus tells His disciples that the Comforter is someone that the world cannot receive (verse 17) because the world does not know Him, but they know Him because He is dwelling with them. So who is it that is dwelling with them? Jesus! And in verse 18 Jesus says that He will not leave them comfortless and that “He” will come to them. Thus another very clear verse stating that it is Himself who will be their Comforter. In verse 22 Judas reveals who it is that the world cannot receive (verse 17), and that in a while the world will see Him no more (verse 19), as Jesus is returning to the Father shortly after He is raised from the dead. Judas confirms this when he asked how Jesus would manifest Himself to them and not to the world (verse 22). In verse 19, Jesus says the world will see Him no more, but they will because He will still live. That is, He will be raised from the dead and be alive again. But as Judas asked, how can He do this? Jesus of course is the truth as stated a few verses earlier and the spirit of it. John 14:6, 1 John 4:6.

John 14:16-23And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another [allos] Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. 18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. 19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but you see me: because I live, you shall live also. 20 At that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. 21 He that has my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. 22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that you will manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? 23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.

In John 16:7 Jesus says, “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.” So how is it that the Comforter who was yet to be sent to them was dwelling with them in John 14? And in John 7:39 we find “But this spoke he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.” So Jesus returning as the Comforter is dependent on Him returning to the Father and being glorified as well as the Holy Spirit being given. Hence it is through the Holy Spirit that the Comforter will come. Jesus said, “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.John 15:26. Did you notice the underlined section of John 14:23 above? It says “we will come unto him and make our abode with him.” That is, both the Father and the Son through the Holy Spirit. How precious is this to have both the Father and the Son? Those who do not understand this are missing out on such a blessing.

That brings us back to John 14:26. Many believe that the Holy Spirit is the Comforter as a literal person separate from Christ because they misunderstand John 14:26 and who the Spirit truly is. The added words “which is” in the KJV tend to be misleading, and while these words can be used, this passage would be less likely misunderstood if the word “through” was used instead. This would be consistent with all other Scripture and without the seemingly apparent contradiction with the previous verses that reveal that Christ is our Comforter or advocate, and hence our mediator.

It would read without misunderstanding as, “But the Comforter, through the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.John 14:26.

Christ could not be in all places and with everyone at the same time in human form, but through the Spirit, He could be with everyone as their Comforter. So Christ comes as our Comforter through the Holy Spirit, which He sends to us, and when we receive the Holy Spirit, we are receiving both the Spirit of the Father, and through the spirit, His Son also. Thus the Comforter can rightly be called either the Spirit of the Father or the Spirit of Christ, or both. We find Paul interchanging these terms in Romans 8:9-11. These quotes are provided for the benefit of Adventists.

Is Jesus the Son of God?

Most will say, “I have always believed Jesus is the Son of God.” Don’t all Christians believe that? The sad reality is that most professed Christians do not believe Jesus to be the Son of God if they subscribe to their denominational statements of belief.

Almost all Christians state, “Jesus is the Son of God,” but there are different meanings attached to these words. Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus is the Son of God, but when asked to explain, say that Jesus was the first angel that God created and was no different from Lucifer or the other angels. Roman Catholics say that Jesus is the Son of God, but when they are asked to explain, say that the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God. Others will explain that Jesus is a co-eternal companion of God whom God declared to be His Son even though He is not really His Son. And yet others will tell you that Jesus became the Son of God when He was born in Bethlehem and was not the Son of God in any other sense.

Every one of these explanations denies that Jesus is the Son of God in some way. The trinity doctrine denies there really is a divine father and a divine son because it teaches that the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit are the same one God. And so this is a denial of both the Father and the Son which is antichrist. “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: but he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.1 John 2:22-23. Notice that John says nothing about denying the Holy Spirit that is also supposed to be God and equal with God. Denying the Son of God just to uphold a Church doctrine that is not taught in the Bible is very dangerous.

It saddens me that some have condemned others to hell fire because they do not accept the trinity teaching as been Biblical. When challenged on taking the role of God in condemning another, they often justify their stand with the following verse, “whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.Matthew 12:32.

The Jewish leaders knew that a divine power attended Christ, but in order to resist the truth, they attributed the work of the Holy Spirit to Satan, which cannot be forgiven. In doing this, they deliberately chose deception and yielded themselves to Satan. When the truth of the Son of God is presented so clearly from the Bible and one rejects it, this places a person in danger of rejecting the Holy Spirit. It is also attributing the work of God to Satan. So “if” a person “is” being led by the Spirit of God, and another condemns them to hell fire and calls this the work of Satan, then this is blaspheming the Spirit of God and they are guilty by means of their own accusation and condemnation of that person. No man has the infallibility of the Father and Son and we should never behave as if we do. So we should leave the judging to God lest we be judged.

Who do you worship?

Jesus included Himself when He said, “we know what we worshipJohn 4:22. He then explained who He worships. He said, “the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth.” Jesus worships His Father along with all “true worshipersJohn 4:23. Jesus worships His Father because His Father is His God.

Jesus said to Mary after His resurrection, “Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.John 20:17. Jesus told His disciples that His God is the same God as their God. He also explained who this God is being the Father. He told the disciples that His Father is also our Father, and His God is also our God.

Many Churches are clearly confused. You often hear, “We thank you O Father for coming down and dying for our sins.” And then you hear people closing the prayer “in Jesus name.” Does it make sense to pray to Jesus in His own name? He is our mediator, and He told us to pray to the Father in Jesus’ name (Luke 11:2; John 16:23; Ephesians 5:20). You hear people pray to the Father and end with, “in your name.” The Bible says, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.1 Timothy 2:5. We are to pray to God, the Father, in the name of our Mediator Christ Jesus. It would appear that people who confuse the Biblical distinctions and positions of the Father and Son do not know who they are worshiping and hence are not worshiping in spirit and in truth.

Early Church Error

Probably the most widely held Christian view of God is the trinity doctrine which has its origins in the Church of Rome and the council of Nicea. This belief teaches the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God and yet there are not three gods but one God. But the question remains, is this view found in Scripture.

The most commonly accessed Encyclopedia on the Internet is Wikipedia. So a “consensus of Modern exegetes” tell us that both the Old and New Testaments do not explicitly contain the doctrine of the trinity. It came into Christendom from another source outside of Scripture. The Encyclopedia Britannica basically says the same thing as the Wikipedia. Both tell us that the idea of the trinity came after Scripture and from sources outside of Scripture. The Oxford Companion to the Bible says it “cannot be clearly detected within the confines of the canon”? Is that a nice way of saying that the Bible does not teach the doctrine of trinity? The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia and the Encarta Encyclopedia says the doctrine of the trinity is not explicitly taught in the New Testament. Can we base our faith purely on inference alone? If it is a fundamental doctrine in Christianity, it should surely have enough evidence to have become a doctrine! Another two from Encyclopedia of Religion and the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. If the Bible does not teach this doctrine then where did it come from? And last the International Standard Bible Dictionary. I will leave the reader to define the word Allusion.

Getting to the source of the trinity doctrine. Let's go to the authority which states that it is the source of the idea being the Roman Catholic Church and see if their definition has any Biblical basis. This Roman Catholic source is clear as to the origin of the trinity doctrine. Scripture does not present the idea of the trinity doctrine. It came after the canon of Scripture was closed and was developed in the 4th and 5th centuries. The New Catholic Encyclopedia puts it this way. So do we have one God in three parts, or three gods in one? The Catholic Encyclopedia clears up the matter for us in a masterpiece of theological close reasoning.

In the unity of the Godhead there are three Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, these Three Persons being truly distinct one from another. Thus, in the words of the Athanasian Creed: 'the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God.'

Both the trinity doctrine and Sunday worship have their origins in the Catholic Church. When the Protestant Reformation begun, all the new Churches continued with Sunday worship and the trinity doctrine in ignorance. There is a growing count of over 550 Sabbath keeping denominations now but many are still trapped in Trinitarianism. Compare the following two quotes from the Roman Catholic Church who say if you are going to follow the Bible than you should not be following either.

Most Christians assume that Sunday is the biblically approved day of worship. The Catholic Church protests that it transferred Christian worship from the biblical Sabbath (Saturday) to Sunday, and that to try to argue that the change was made in the Bible is both dishonest and a denial of Catholic authority. If Protestantism wants to base its teachings only on the Bible, it should worship on Saturday.” — (Rome’s Challenge www.immaculateheart.com/maryonline Dec 2003)

Our opponents sometimes claim that no belief should be held dogmatically which is not explicitly stated in scripture . . . But the Protestant Churches have themselves accepted such dogmas, as the Trinity, for which there no such precise authority in the Gospels,” — (Assumption of Mary, Life magazine, October 30, 1950, p. 51)

Names for the Godhead Compared

Below are some phrases found in Scripture for the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit compared to Trinitarian phrases.

The Father Jesus Christ The Holy Spirit Trinitarian
“God the Father” 13 times “Son of God” 48 times. “Spirit of God” 26 times “God the Holy Spirit” 0 times
“The Most High God” 11 times “only begotten” 6 times “God's Spirit” 9 times “God the Son” 0 times
“The Highest” 6 times His “firstborn” 4 times “Thy spirit” 4 times “God in three persons” 0 times
“Abba” 3 times God's “holy child” 2 times “The Holy Spirit of God” 1 time “Trinity” 0 times
“The only true God” 1 time “The firstbegotten” 1 time “Spirit of your Father” 1 time “Triune God” 0 times

Is One Unity or Quantity?

Some of the confusion regarding the number of beings in the Godhead comes from a misunderstanding of the word “one.” Simply put, “one” in the Bible does not always mean numerical quantity. Depending on the Scripture, “one” often means unity.

We see this principle established very early in Scripture. “Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.Genesis 2:24. “One flesh” here does not mean that a married couple melt into one human after their wedding, but rather they are to be united into one family. Jesus prayed that the apostles would be one, saying, “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one.John 17:22-23.

Romans 12:5 says, “So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.” So does that make us all one single Christian? You would have to say yes if you follow the Trinitarian formula.

Christ boldly proclaimed, “I and my Father are one,” which has caused many to be confused and think that Jesus is the Father or is somehow joined to Him in a way that makes the Father and Son a compound being. The Jewish leaders were outraged by this statement and sought to execute Him because they thought Jesus was claiming to be God Himself. “The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.John 10:30, 33. Three verses on we find Jesus denies the charge of claiming to be God and pointed out that His claim was merely to be the Son of God. “Say you of him, whom the Father has sanctified, and sent into the world, You blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?John 10:36.

So Jesus did not mean in person as He clarified and because the Father is a distinct person from the Son, and the Son a distinct person from the Father. As Gills Commentary on John 10:30 states, this is further shown from the use of the verb plural, “I and my Fatherεσμεν, “we are one.” Jesus had to mean one in unity as well as nature.

As for three being one, 1 John 5:7 is the most important verse of all used by those teaching the Roman Catholic version of the trinity doctrine to say that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one. This is the “only” Scripture in the entire Bible that says all three are one without assumptions or unbiblical human logic as previously seen. “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.1 John 5:7-8 KJV.

But the majority are unaware and shocked to find that there is an extremely serious problem with these two verses. The words shown in red are only found in the KJV, NKJV and a few others but are missing from the majority of translations. It is very disturbing to find that there is unending evidence that this text was added. Thomas Nelson and Sons Catholic Commentary, 1951, page 1186 explains, “It is now generally held that this passage, called the Gomma Johanneum, is a gloss that crept into the text of the Old Latin and Vulgate at an early date, but found its way into the Greek text only in the 15th and 16th centuries.” Here is how 1 John 5:7-8 reads from the NIV and most other Bible translations. “For there are three that testify: 8 the Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.” Mouse over for a list of Bible translations for 1 John 5:7 and Adam Clarke's and other Commentaries or see was 1 John 5:7 Added to the Bible?

There is no doubt that the latter part of 1 John 5:7 and the first part of 1 John 5:8 never existed in the original and inspired words of God. So 400 years after the cross, they knew there was nothing in the Scriptures to support their pagan belief in the trinity. No problem they thought, we will just add it! And since this was not from God, then who was it really from?

What Happened to Matthew 28:19?

Trinitarians often use Matthew 28:19 to support their belief stating that by the shared authority of these three that we are commissioned to baptize. However, this verse neither affirms or denies the trinity doctrine. The trinity doctrine states that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit together make one God. This verse refers to three but never says they are one. “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.Matthew 28:19.

In any case, I find myself greatly perplexed by this verse, because where do we see the Apostles or anyone else for that matter following the explicit instructions of Christ here? Here are all verses where anyone was baptized into the name of anyone. Acts 2:38; Acts 8:12; Acts 8:16; Acts 10:48; Acts 19:5; Romans 6:3; 1 Corinthians 1:13; Galatians 3:27. But as you can see, there is not one person following what Christ supposedly instructed them to do. In every one of these verses we find people baptized into the name of our Lord Jesus Christ only. So why the apparent disobedience of the apostles?

The following dictionary explains, “The historical riddle is not solved by Matthew 28:19, since, according to a wide scholarly consensus, it is not an authentic saying of Jesus, not even an elaboration of a Jesus-saying on baptism.” — (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol. 1, 1992, p. 585) Further research revealed this to be the case as all Bible commentaries and dictionaries I found quoting on this issue claimed that it was added by the Church of Rome once again to support their Trinitarian formula. Below is one of many quotes. See Mathew 28:19 added text for more.

The basic form of our (Matthew 28:19 Trinitarian) profession of faith took shape during the course of the second and third centuries in connection with the ceremony of baptism. So far as its place of origin is concerned, the text (Matthew 28:19) came from the city of Rome.” — (Joseph Ratzinger (pope Benedict XVI) Introduction to Christianity: 1968 edition, pp. 82-83)

So how did this happen and what did the original text say if this is truth? It must be remembered that we have no known manuscripts that were written in the first, second or third centuries. There is a gap of over three hundred years between when Matthew wrote his epistle and our earliest manuscript copies. (It also took over three hundred years for the Catholic Church to evolve into what the “early church fathers” wanted it to become.) This is what my research revealed.

Eusebius (c. 260—c. 340) was the Bishop of Caesarea and is known as “the Father of Church History.” He wrote prolifically and his most celebrated work is his Ecclesiastical History, a history of the Church from the Apostolic period until his own time. Eusebius quotes many verses in his writings including Matthew 28:19. But he never quotes it as it appears in modern Bibles. He always finishes the verse with the words “in my name.” For example, in Book III of his History, Chapter 5, Section 2, which is about the Jewish persecution of early Christians, we read, “relying upon the power of Christ, who had said to them, “Go ye and make disciples of all the nations in my name.” And in his Oration in Praise of Emperor Constantine, Chapter 16, Section 8, we read, “Surely none save our only Savior has done this, when, after his victory over death, he spoke the word to his followers, and fulfilled it by the event, saying to them, “Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name.

Eusebius was present at the council of Nicea and was involved in the debates over the Godhead. If the manuscripts he had in front of him read “in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,” he would never have quoted instead, “in my name.” So it appears that the earliest manuscripts read “in my name,” and the phrase was enlarged to reflect the orthodox position as Trinitarian influence spread.

Was Jesus Omniscient and Omnipotent when He was Here?

We find in John 21:17 Peter saying to Christ, “you know all things.” So how are we to understand Jesus saying, “But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.Mark 13:32. Compare with Matthew 24:36. So here we have a problem because Jesus is confessing to not knowing something. And Scripture also says, “Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.Luke 2:52. How do you increase in wisdom when you know all things? And “Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered.Hebrews 5:8. Was Jesus limited by the human body prepared for Him and had to learn things just as we do? So what did Peter mean? Was He right? Because Jesus did not contradict Him. Or is there some way that Jesus could effectively know anything He needed?

We find the answer in many Scriptures such as John 14:26the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things,” Does this mean we could literally know all things? Could the human mind even contain all the infinite knowledge of God? The point to be made here is there is nothing that the Spirit of God could not teach or reveal to us or His Son. The Father knows all things and so Christ could know whatever was required through the power of the Holy Spirit whether it be the thoughts of others or any knowledge that is required to complete a task according to the will of God.

And it does not stop with the omniscience of the Spirit of God but also His power. In Matthew 12:22-32 we find Jesus casting out a demon. The Pharisees claimed He did it by the power of the devil. But Jesus being fully man said He did it by the Spirit of God. He then informs them that they can speak against the Son of man and be forgiven, but blasphemy against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. Why? Because verse 28 says he did this by the power of the Holy Spirit. Remember that Jesus was the Word made flesh and was fully man. The Pharisees were not insulting the Son of man but the Spirit of God by whose power the demon was cast out and hence were blaspheming the Holy Spirit by attributing the work of the Holy Spirit to Satan. In any case, Jesus would not be casting out demons by the power of the Holy Spirit unless He had given up His omnipotence for a time now would He? Jesus said “I can of mine own self do nothing.John 5:30.

The Bible reveals a handful of times that the miracles Christ performed while here on Earth were done by His Father in heaven. John 11:40-41 indicates it was through His Father that Lazarus was raised. Every great miracle that Jesus did was done in a similar manner by His disciples or Old Testament prophets including walking on water and raising the dead. (Matthew 14:29; John 14:12; Acts 20:9-10; 1 Kings 17:22). This is not a sign they had all power but a sign that God was with them as He was with His Son. The following verse is also interesting in that it says, “But that you may know that the Son of man has power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up your bed, and go unto thine house.Matthew 9:6. It is significant that Jesus specified that He did have power on Earth to forgive sins indicating that He had lost something coming here as a man. And referring to Himself after He healed this paralytic man, the crowd, “marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.Matthew 9:8. Peter also explains, “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.Acts 10:38. Jesus also explains, “The Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.John 14:10.

So Scripture reveals that Christ only knew what He had learned as a man and what His Father revealed to Him through His Spirit. Since our Father in Heaven knows all things, then Christ could also effectively know all things “if” the Spirit of God revealed it to Him. Thus if Jesus did not know the hour of His return it could only be because His Father had not revealed this to Him, and we are not told the reason why this was the case. Scripture shows that Jesus knew the thoughts of others but to be consistent with other Scripture, it had to be through the Holy Spirit. Peter, Elisha and Daniel all had the thoughts of others revealed to them by God also. (Acts 5:1-4; 2 Kings 5:25-27; Daniel 2:28-30).

Some will respond that Jesus did not know in His human nature but knew in His divine nature. But the trinity teaches that there is one person subsisting in two natures. Jesus cannot have two minds, one that knew something and another that did not. Unless of course you want to make the absurd claim that mind and body are not correlated.

I have actually heard several explanations for Mark 13:32, and when they are all contradictory, then the wise will know they cannot all be right. Why is it so hard to accept and understand that the disciples and many others have done all the same miracles that Jesus did by the power of the Holy Spirit (Romans 15:9), and so when Jesus came as a man that He did them the same way? It seems most refuse to accept that their Lord and Saviour gave up a lot when he came as a man, and cannot stand the thought that for a while He was not omnipresent, omniscience and omnipotent. Though most accept Christ gave up His omnipresence, but only because they have no choice as there is no avoiding this fact. However, how many have stopped to consider the incredible love of their Saviour here in that temporarily laying aside these things made an even far greater sacrifice that could have been disastrous in cosmic proportions. Jesus even had to give up His dignity and have dirty diapers changed! By Accepting the facts of Scripture, one does not have to go looking for ways of explaining away other Scriptures that show one is in error. We need to be able to harmonize all Scripture and realize that when we have to start trying to jam a square peg into a round hole then we have something wrong.

Paul in Philippians 2:5-9 speaks of the sacrifice and humility of Christ in regards to what He gave up coming as a man, even to the point of death, and that we should have the same mind and attitude as Him. The Greek text says He had the form or nature of God but emptied Himself, meaning He laid aside those divine attributes that prevented Him from living and dying as one of us. In having the same form and nature of God, He would never have been tired or suffered pain and other things that go with being in human form. Jesus had everything including immortality, and yet He willingly gave it up sacrificing all for us. But then He made an even greater sacrifice, giving up immortality, He died as a man by one of the most agonizing and drawn out deaths you could possibly imagine. When people refuse to acknowledge what Christ did give up, they also fail to acknowledge the magnitude and the depth of the sacrifice He really did make for us and how it demonstrates the immeasurable love that He and His Father have for us.

So what did Jesus get back when He returned to the Father? The fact is we are not specifically told. But we know He got back His omnipresence through the Holy Spirit as our Comforter, for example, Jesus said “Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.Matthew 28:20. We also know that Jesus retained the scars in His hands, feet and side (John 20:25-27). We assume He got back everything but we will have to wait until we see Him to find out just how great a sacrifice He and His Father really made in their incredible love for us.

Here is one more example to consider that many have overlooked. Revelation 1:1 states, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:” This revelation was given to Jesus Christ by God. Why would Christ need His Father to reveal these things to Him if He knew all things? See also Gills Commentary on John 10:30 in relation to Mark 13:32.

Was Jesus Immortal when He was Here?

The trinity doctrine teaches that Jesus Christ is exactly equal to His Father in every way. Thus it is claimed that since the Father cannot die, then His Son cannot die either. But the Bible says there is only One person who cannot die and He is God the Father. The Bible says that when Jesus appears, “he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate [Sovereign or supreme ruler], the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.1 Timothy 6:14-16. This can only be our Heavenly Father for He is the One whom “No man hath seen... at any time.John 1:18. The Father is the one “who only hath immortality.” Yet we know that one day we will “put on immortality.1 Corinthians 15:53.

So when the Bible says the Father “only hath immortality” it must mean immortality in an absolute and unlimited sense. The Father is the only One who cannot die under any circumstances. Jesus was made subject to death and “died for our sins.1 Corinthians 15:3. Man can die, “The soul that sinneth, it shall die.Ezekiel 18:20. Angels can die, “everlasting fire,” is “prepared for the devil and his angels.Matthew 25:41. God said to Satan, “I will bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee... and never shalt thou be any more.Ezekiel 28:18-19. So it is true that the Father is the only Person who cannot die under any circumstances, which excludes His Son who tasted “death for every manHebrews 2:9. So Christ was not immortal when He was here and the primary reason for Him becoming a human was so that He could die for our sins. The Son of God suffered a real death for our sins. (Isaiah 53:6 and 1 John 2:2).

Others claim that Christ came down from heaven and inhabited a human body and only the human body died while the divine being from heaven remained alive. By this we would have to conclude that there was only a human sacrifice made for our redemption. It is unbiblical to say that a human sacrifice is sufficient to redeem mankind or that only half of Christ died. If Christ only pretended to die it takes away the necessity of Him becoming a man and He could have done that without becoming one. The author of Hebrews says He “was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death.Hebrews 2:9. Christ Himself made it clear to John that He was dead. Jesus said, “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.Revelation 1:18. Jesus Christ really “died for our sins according to the Scriptures.1 Corinthians 15:3.

Conclusion

It would be pompous to pretend that we understand everything about God. Nevertheless, there is much that is revealed for our blessing. And what is revealed is that our understanding of the Godhead affects our relationship with the Father and Son in a very real way and knowing who they are. So many are confused and do not know who they are worshipping or who abides in them. The Bible says Jesus is the Son of God and was born of God. We are not told how and we are not told when but we know it was before the creation of all things. We just need to trust what God tells us in His Word is true.

And what a blessing it is to know it is Christ who Comforts us and that both He and His Father make their abode in us through His Spirit. John 14:16-23. So is the trinity doctrine true or false? The testimony of Scripture is there is but one God the Father and one Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 8:6). The Father and Son not only created us, but loved us and devised an amazing plan to save a lost world from sin to restore us to His presence in paradise.

The following video is excellent for understanding the Holy Spirit and the false doctrine of the trinity.

The pagan origins of the trinity doctrine - Page 2