- The Bible Ten Commandments
- What Day Is The Sabbath Day
- False Teachers & Doctrine Exposed
- Hades And Hell Fire Truth
- Who Changed Sabbath To Sunday
- What is the Mark of the Beast
- 666 and The Number of The Beast
- The Millennial Reign of Christ
- Who Is The Remnant Church of God
- The Wednesday Crucifixion
- What Is Wicca And Witchcraft
- Who Is The Antichrist Today
- What Happens When Your Dead
- The Secret Rapture Theory
- Who Is Mystery Babylon the Great
- Colossians 2:16 and the Sabbath
- What Day is the True Sabbath Day
- 666 The Mark Of The Beast
- The Two Witnesses of Revelation
- Daniels 70 Weeks Prophecy
- What is the Battle of Armageddon
- What is Speaking in Tongues
- Change of The Sabbath to Sunday
- Sabbath in the New Testament
- Daniel Abomination of Desolation
The Origin of the Trinity Doctrine
It was about a century after Tertullian when Arianism began causing so many disputes that Constantine convened the first ecumenical Council in Church history to settle them. Arius was an elder in the Alexandrian church in the early fourth century that supposedly taught Christ was a created creature and was not equal with the Father. Opposing the teachings of Arius was Athanasius, a deacon also from Alexandria. His view was an early form of Trinitarianism where the Father, Son and Holy Spirit were one but at the same time distinct from each other. His view was a further change to what Tertullian believed with the Holy Spirit not yet seen as a literal being which came later. Note that some historians claim the Catholic Church burnt what Arius wrote (Thalia), altered records and falsely rumoured that he taught Christ was created in order to discredit him, which other historical facts give credibility to. We need to keep in mind the fact that the Catholic Church is known for changing history to their interpretation of events to hide the real truth at times. Consider the following for instance.
The view of Athanasius was greatly influenced by Origen who was a Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism. His work was later condemned as unorthodox. Origen also wrote that the creation account in Genesis is a fictitious story and is known to have publicly castrated himself. Arius on the other hand was a pupil of Lucian of Antioch. Lucian was responsible for producing what is known as the Textus Receptus that was later restored by Erasmus, and is what gave us the trusted New Testament of the KJV Bible. These and other facts reveal Athanasius was influenced by Greek philosophy and that Arius probably taught Biblical truth despite main stream history.
Some believe Constantine was the first Christian Roman Emperor but he was actually a sun worshiper who was baptized on his deathbed. During his reign he had his eldest son and his wife murdered. His belief at best was a blend of paganism and Christianity for political purposes, and so he neither cared nor really understood this dispute but was just eager to bring the controversy to a close and keep unity in his empire. When the bishops gathered at Nicea on May 20, 325 AD to resolve the crisis, very few shared Athanasius's view of Christ as most held a position midway between Athanasius and Arius. The religious debates lasted two months before the Council rejected the minority view of Arius, but having no alternative, Constantine approved the view of Athanasius, which was also a minority view. And so the Church was left supporting a belief held by only a minority of those attending. The Encyclopedia Britannica states: “Constantine himself presided, actively guiding the discussions, and personally proposed ... the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council ... Overawed by the emperor, the bishops, with two exceptions only, signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination.” (1971 edition, Vol. 6, “Constantine,” p. 386)
Horrific religious persecution followed the decision made by Constantine who was essentially a pagan Emperor who imposed an invented creed never preached by Jesus. As a pagan sun worshipper, Constantine also enforced the first Sunday law just four years earlier and hence played a major role in bringing two pagan traditions into the Church. It was four hundred years after the cross when they formulated this creed that never existed before hand, and so the Apostles and the early Church could never have taught it either. See Encyclopedia Britannica and historical quotes. Many of the Bishops who formulated the doctrine of the trinity were steeped in Greek and Platonic philosophy, which influenced their religious views. In fact the language they used in defining the trinity is taken directly from Platonic and Greek philosophy. The Platonic term trias, meaning three, was Latinized as trinitas, which gave us the English word trinity which is neither biblical nor Christian. As Bible scholars John McClintock and James Strong (wrote the famous Strong's Concordance) explain, “Towards the end of the 1st century, and during the 2nd, many learned men came over both from Judaism and paganism to Christianity. These brought with them into the Christian schools of theology their Platonic ideas and phraseology.” (Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, 1891, Vol. 10, “Trinity,” p. 553)
So the trinity was not derived from scripture but was conceived in philosophy. Greek philosophers were greatly influenced by Plato (427-347 BC) who was considered the greatest of all Greek philosophers. Plato was ingrained with Trinitarian thought and knew that all the ancient religions had triad deities, and so he desired to come up with a better definition to define God above all the deities of Greek mythology. Plato’s definition of God was, (1) The ‘first God,” who was the Supreme Being in the universe; (2) the “second God,” whom Plato described as the “soul of the universe”; and (3) the “third God,” defined as the “spirit.” The Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria (15 BC-AD 50) who followed Greek philosophy was influenced by Plato’s version and saw God as, (1) Father, who created all things (Philo named him “the Demiurge”), (2) Mother, who was Knowledge the Maker possessed and (3) the Beloved Son was the world. Supposedly the union of demiurge and knowledge produced man’s world. This esoteric type of thinking is what led to the birth and development of the trinity.
Notice how these quotes document belief in a divine trinity in many regions and religions of the ancient world and that the origin of the conception is entirely pagan. Egyptologist Arthur Weigall summed up the influence of ancient beliefs on the adoption of the trinity doctrine by the Catholic Church in this excerpt from his book Paganism in Our Christianity.
The Council of Nicea did not end the controversy and the bishops went on teaching as they had before, and the Arian crisis continued for another sixty years. Arius and his followers fought back and managed to regain imperial favor. Athanasius was exiled no fewer than five times. It was very difficult to make his creed stick. The ongoing disputes were violent and bloody at times. Noted historian Will Durant writes, “Probably more Christians were slaughtered by Christians in these two years (342-3) than by all the persecutions of Christians by pagans in the history of Rome.” (The Story of Civilization, Vol. 4: The Age of Faith, 1950, p. 8). So Christians fought and slaughtered one another over their differing views of God!
Disputes eventually became over the nature of the Holy Spirit. So in the year 381 AD, 44 years after Constantine's death, Emperor Theodosius the Great, baptized only a year earlier, convened the Council of Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) to resolve them. Nectarius, an elderly city senator had to take over the role of archbishop of Constantinople and presided over the council due to illness. And so Nectarius was baptized for the job and the Trinitarian view on the Holy Spirit was governed by someone with little or no knowledge of theology! What resulted became known as the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed where they now decided that the Holy Spirit was a literal being. Any who disagreed were in accordance with the edicts of the emperor and Church authorities branded heretics and dealt with accordingly. This final teaching on the nature of God is what became the trinity as generally understood today. It was not decided so much from Scripture but from philosophy, bloodshed and those with the most power. See the pagan origins of the trinity doctrine for detailed information.
What is the Trinity Doctrine?
The trinity doctrine as taught by most Churches states that there are three co-equal (equal in every respect), co-eternal (the same age), omniscient (all knowing), omnipotent (all powerful) gods, who are not three gods, but one god. By the words of the Athanasian Creed it is, “the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God.” The Athanasian Creed (Roman Catholic Creed) says that the one God is three divine personalities in one indivisible substance or essence. It is the one indivisible nature part which is a problem because it is maintained that this constitutes the one God being 1+1+1=One! That is, the Father is God, Jesus is God, the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three gods but one god, and that is the trinity!
You do not have to be very smart to realise that this makes no sense at all. Therefore, those teaching this doctrine tag it with the word mystery, stating that you will never be able to understand it so just accept it. They may also say, just because it is Catholic it does not mean it is wrong. So in one way or another Satan has tricked people into believing this falsehood without checking it out for themselves. There is in fact not one Scripture in the Bible that states the Holy Spirit is God, not one! And you will later discover that there is also not one Scripture that says all three are one.
Some Churches differ on some points from orthodoxy but regarding the basic premise being the one God is three gods in one, it is exactly the same as the Athanasian Creed. This is the creed upon which the Roman Catholic faith is built.
The trinity doctrine has to be taught alongside the Bible, because if you had never been taught what the trinity doctrine was, you would never come up with this doctrine yourself from just reading the Bible. This is because it did not originate from Scripture but from paganism and Greek philosophy. So you will soon discover that Scripture has to be manipulated to try and convince others of this doctrine. After God confused the languages at Babel, the sun began to be worshipped in three stages as three gods. That is, the rising sun was god, the midday sun was god, the setting sun was god, and yet there were not three gods but one god! In other words, 1+1+1=One! This is the true origin of the three in one trinity doctrine. If God wanted us to believe He was a trinity, then there would be very direct and unmistakable Scripture saying so.
The true Biblical view of the Godhead is that there is but one true God the Father, one Lord Jesus Christ being His Son and one Holy Spirit which is the Spirit of the Father and Son. That is, a literal Father, a literal Son and the Spirit of the Father and Son. As one Christian author wrote. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, not a son by creation as were the angels, nor a son by adoption as is the forgiven sinner, but a Son begotten in the express image of the Father's person that is equal in authority, dignity and divine perfection. In Him dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. Below are some brief explanations by Scripture that reveal the truth. Parentheses are added.
“There is one body, and one Spirit [Holy Spirit], even as you are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord [Jesus Christ], one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” Ephesians 4:4-6.
The “one Spirit” is the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ. For example. “But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.” Romans 8:9. “Now the Lord [Jesus Christ] is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.” 2 Corinthians 3:17.
Since the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father and Son, then we have two literal beings as Paul explains. “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6. How many beings does John say we need to know to have eternal life? “And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” John 17:3. And how many beings is our fellowship with? “and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” 1 John 1:3. All these verses and many more reveal the Holy Spirit is not a literal being. And if the Holy Spirit was truly a separate being co-equal with the Father and Son as the trinity doctrine claims, then it would be a third being that could reveal the Father and Son, but scripture reveals there are only two literal beings and not a third. “No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.” Luke 10:22. So the Holy Spirit is not a literal third being, which is a belief that originated and was enforced by death by Emperor Theodosius more than 340 years after the cross. The Holy Spirit is best explained as being the presence and power of God.
Implications of the Trinity
The explanation of the One God being a trinity effectively denies there really is a divine Father and a divine Son, which according to the Scriptures is the epitome of false teaching. And according to the Word of God, a denial of both the Father and the Son is antichrist (1 John 2:22-23). Notice that John says nothing about denying the Holy Spirit. It also effectively teaches that the pre-existent divine Son of God did not die at Calvary. It teaches instead that only human nature died, which at the best provides only a human sacrifice as atonement.
Ever since the death of Jesus, it has always been the intention of Satan to pervert what Christ achieved in His incarnation (meaning in our Saviour's life and death). Our adversary can do nothing about what Christ actually achieved, so in various ways he has attempted to do the next best thing, which is to pervert our understanding of it. So one of the main aims of Satan is to promote the belief that the divine person of Christ did not actually die at Calvary. Satan also aims to pervert how much it cost God in sacrificing His Son. The Father supposedly never risked anything by giving up His Son, for they claim that Christ could not have possibly sinned. Therefore nothing was at stake. If only human nature suffered and died as the trinity doctrine teaches, then the divine Christ remained unscathed. And since God cannot die, Christ would never have been able to die under any circumstance. Yet Jesus said, “I am He that liveth, and was dead.” Revelation 1:18.
A Christian author from the 1800's wrote, “To believe that doctrine, when reading the scripture we must believe that God sent Himself into the world, died to reconcile the world to Himself, raised Himself from the dead, ascended to Himself in heaven, pleads before Himself in heaven to reconcile the world to Himself, and is the only mediator between man and Himself… We must believe also that in the garden God prayed to Himself, if it were possible, to let the cup pass from Himself, and a thousand other such absurdities.” There are many things which are hard to understand in the Bible but you can be sure that God never expects us to believe impossibilities.
Satan is the great deceiver and one of his greatest tools is deception. So Satan counterfeits all things of God to take people away from the truth and lead them into false worship thinking it is from God when it is from Satan. For example. Satan even counterfeits the ministry of Christ. Jesus began His 3.5 year ministry at His baptism when He came out of the water. The beast began its ministry when it came out of the water and ruled for 3.5 symbolic years. See prophecy tables. God has true prophets while Satan has false prophets. (2 Peter 2:1, Matthew 24:24) God has true teachers while Satan has many false teachers. Jesus is the light of the world and Satan appears as an angel of light. (2 Corinthians 11:13-15) God has true apostles and Satan has false apostles. God gives the true gift of speaking in tongues which is known languages while Satan has false tongues that you do not understand and false interpretations that you have no way of verifying. God has a special day of rest and worship which is a sign that it is God we worship, and Satan instituted a counterfeit day that came from sun and Satan worship. And of course there is the true Godhead being the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit. So what is Satan's counterfeit for the Godhead? The next page of this site reveals that the trinity doctrine also came from sun and Satan worship and the number 666! This is the worst counterfeit of all that affects the true worship of God and His Son.
The trinity doctrine denies there is a literal Father and denies there is a literal Son as it is claimed that they are just role playing. With these facts in mind, consider the following Scriptures very carefully and ask yourself does this affect your eternal life by not knowing who the Father and Son truly are. And considering the trinity doctrine is from Satan, it is not hard to see what his plan is if your eyes are wide open.
“Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: but he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.” 1 John 2:22-23
“And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” John 17:3
So most important of all is that this doctrine can be a salvation issue which is something I would have never imagined until I studied this topic in depth and realized all the implications. The trinity doctrine destroys the personality of God, and his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. So please study this as if your salvation depends on it as it may. The video at the bottom of this page called new gods explains how this could cost us our eternal life and is a must watch. Understanding the identity of the Holy Spirit is essential, but as John 17:3 above states, knowing exactly who the Father and Son are is the key to eternal life.
One God or Three?
For more than 3,000 years, Jews have repeated Deuteronomy 6:4. “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” This sacred passage is called the Shema (pronounced shaw-mah and is named after the Hebrew for its first word) and has been held in high esteem and memorized by devout Jews for centuries. Trinitarians say if the Bible says there is only one God then all three must be one, and yet others say if there is only one God, then how can God be composed of three persons? If Christians could only accept the simple words of Scripture instead of reading into it and trying to make Scripture say something it does not say. This verse is simply saying that there is but one true God the Father of whom are all things!
When Moses said, “The Lord our God is one,” Israel was surrounded with polytheistic nations that worshiped many gods and were constantly involved in petty bickering and rivalry. In Deuteronomy chapter 6 we find Moses exhorts Israel to hear God and to keep His Commandments. And what was the most broken Commandment in Old Testament times? Idolatry! Polytheism is seen rampant all through the Old Testament and hence God constantly rebuking Israel for idolatry. They worshipped many false Gods including the sun and the moon as male and female deities. As a result, every devout Jew recites the Shema twice every day, and still do to this very day to keep up the great ancient national protest against the polytheisms and pantheisms of the heathen world. It is the great utterance of the national faith in One Jehovah! What many fail to recognise is that to the Jews, there is only one God, and the Spirit of God is just that, not a separate being or God. The Jews were God's chosen people and God raised the Jewish nation as non-Trinitarian which has never changed. Trinitarians often try and use the language of the Jews to prove the trinity doctrine and yet the people that this language belongs to were never Trinitarians! Paul said, “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6 and “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” 1 Timothy 2:5. And John also said “And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” John 17:3. Note that both Paul and John exclude Christ when they said there is only one God. So the only contradiction would be a belief in the trinity.
Since all the experts say that the trinity doctrine does not explicitly exist in Scripture, then those teaching it use the following steps to try and prove that it does saying it is implied. Firstly, it is said that the Bible says the Father is God, (True) and that Jesus is called God by His Father, (True) and that the Bible says the Holy Spirit is God, (Not True). More on this later in the document. Secondly, it is then said that since all three are called God, (Not True) and Deuteronomy 6:4 says there is one God, “therefore” all three must be one! Firstly, you will note that this is not a “Thus saith the Lord” and is assumed. If God wanted us to believe He is a Trinity, He would tell us in clear plain words. Secondly, there is no Scripture that specifically states the Holy Spirit is God and once again is erroneously assumed. So that would only make a Binity (2), not a Trinity. And thirdly, while the one true God calls His Son God, both Paul and John in the three Scriptures given above unmistakably exclude Christ from the one God. So we are back to being just the one true God the Father just as Deuteronomy 6:4 states, and just as the Jewish nation believed when they wrote these words, and as they still believe today. You cannot argue the doctrine of the trinity from the Old Testament words of the Jews who wrote them when they never believed in it.
Some also claim that the one true God the Father must be more than one such as a trinity because the word most often used for God in the Hebrew Bible is Elohim, which is plural for El. But this is ignorance on the meaning of Elohim which is in fact not fully understood. The word Elohim is used for the true God, false gods, supernatural spirits (angels) and human leaders such as kings and judges. Thus the word Elohim can be used to refer to a single person, and when it does, linguists call it a “Plural of Majesty” which denotes greatness. So when Elohim is used of the one true God, it is a “Plural of Majesty” denoting the greatness of God. Also, in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible (the Septuagint, which Jesus and the apostles quoted) where Elohim refers to the true God, the word Theos is used which is not plural but singular!
Genesis 1:1 Hebrew — “In the beginning, Elohim [Plural] created the heavens and the earth.”
Genesis 1:1 Greek — “In the beginning, Theos [Singular] made the heavens and the earth.”
And did God mean that Moses would be more than one person to Pharaoh? “And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made you a god [Elohim] to Pharaoh.” Exodus 7:1. Elohim here refers to one person and so is a “Plural of Majesty” and therefore denotes greatness. So this verse simply means that God would make Moses appear great in the eyes of Pharaoh. For example. “And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.” Exodus 11:3. The word Elohim in the KJV Bible has also been translated to the words “great” and “mighty” due to its meaning. So when you hear the argument that Elohim means God must be a trinity, then understand that there is either deliberate deception or ignorance.
The Jesus Only Oneness Doctrine
In the third century, Sabellius who was a Libyan priest living in Rome, taught that God is a single person with different titles known as modalism. The Church recognized Sabellius’ ideas as contrary to Bible teaching and he was quickly excommunicated. Yet he still has adherents today in what is commonly known as the “Oneness” or “Jesus Only” doctrine. The Jesus only teaching claims that Jesus is not only the Son, but also the Father and the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 9:6 is quoted as an attempt to support this belief where the Messiah is called “The everlasting Father,” in many Bible translations.
So many try to explain this phrase away when there is no need as the answer lies in the correct Hebrew translation. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible explains, “The Chaldee renders this expression, 'The man abiding forever.' The Vulgate, 'The Father of the future age.' Lowth, 'The Father of the everlasting age.' Literally, it is the Father of eternity.”
Thus in the Hebrew text, the phrase is literally “the Father of Eternity,” and so Isaiah 9:6 is not saying Christ is the Father but He is the Father of all time to come. Young's Literal Translation and the Darby Bible are two of very few that translated it correctly. “For a Child hath been born to us, A Son hath been given to us, And the princely power is on his shoulder, And He doth call his name Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6 YLT and “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name is called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6 Darby. Jesus created all things and so in the same manner He is also the Father of creation (Hebrews 1:2; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16-17).
It is also interesting to note that the Greek Septuagint that Jesus and the apostles quoted from does not even contain this phrase. It says, “For a Child is born to us, and a Son is given to us, whose government is upon His shoulder; and His name is called the Messenger of great counsel; for I will bring peace upon the princes, and health to Him.” Isaiah 9:6.
And while on this topic, the Bible physically separates the Father and the Son repeatedly. While Christ was on earth, He referred to, “My Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 10:32. He always directed His prayers heavenward to the Father and stated that the Father had His own individual will; “Father, if you be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.” Luke 22:42. “And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? Which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Mark 15:34. “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.” Luke 23:46. Then after He died and rose again, He ascended to “the right hand of God.” Romans 8:34. Only God knows the hour of His son's return. “But of that day and that hour knows no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.” Mark 13:32. John frequently addresses the Father and Son as separate entities. “Our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” 1 John 1:3. As did Paul, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” 1 Timothy 2:5 and “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6. And Stephen, “But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,” Acts 7:55. These and others prove the Father has a separate presence.
In fact, Jesus said that He was not the Father more than 80 times. While always remaining one in purpose, Jesus and the Father are clearly separate and distinct persons. And on more than one occasion, the Father spoke to Jesus from heaven. “And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased’.” Matthew 3:17. Either Jesus and the Father are two separate individual persons, or Jesus was an expert ventriloquist.
Was Jesus Christ Created?
It is claimed that Arius who was a fourth century Alexandrian priest taught that prior to making anything else, God created a son who was not equal to the Father and was neither fully human nor fully divine. Some claim that back in the dawn of time, God the Father had some form of cosmic intimate relations with the Holy Spirit and Jesus was the product. They reason, “How else can you call Him the Son.” But these concepts are contrary to Scripture in which Jesus is revealed as the Creator and not a created being (John 1:1-4) and Paul in Philippians 2:5-6 states that Jesus is equal with the Father. The Greek word (theotes) for Godhead is found only in Colossians 2:9 and means the divine nature. So the fullness of the divine nature of God dwells in Christ. Jesus also accepted worship that the Ten Commandments reveal is for the Almighty.
People frequently ask was Jesus created or begotten or was Jesus created by God the Father. Scripture shows Jesus was not a created being and has existed long before He created all things. Some claim Jesus is being continually born of God in the days of eternity based on Psalms 2:7 which says, “I will declare the decree: the LORD has said unto me, You are my Son; this day have I begotten you.” Firstly, it does not say that, and secondly, it is prophesying of a future event. Acts 13:33 explains, “God has fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you.” In the significant passage of Acts 13:16-41, Paul tells the story of our Lord and Saviour and how he came and died for our sins, but was raised from the dead by His Father in heaven and did not see corruption. Thus this passage declares it was fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ from the dead. He was born from the dead, and God who raised him demonstrating that He was his Son. This is also supported by Revelation 1:5 “And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead,”
John 1:1 “(a) In the beginning was the Word, (b) and the Word was with [the] God, (c) and the Word was God.”
The proper rendering of John 1:1 into English from the original Koine Greek text continues to be a source of vigorous debate among Bible translators, and especially the phrase the Word was God (c). The first verse of John's Gospel says that God's Son Christ Jesus, being referred to as the Word here, was with God in the beginning, (a+b). John 1:1b does not say that the Messiah is God but was with [the] God. It is important to note that the word [the] exists in the Greek text but was left out by translators as they thought it read wrong, but is actually correct and has purpose. Here is the original Greek text for (1b).
και and 2532 CONJ ο the 3588 T-NSM λογος Word 3056 N-NSM ην was 2258 V-IXI-3S προς with 4314 PREP τον the 3588 T-ASM θεον God 2316 N-ASM
The phrase “the God” identifies the one true God the Father in this verse and so the word “the” is important. While Jesus is called God in this verse, there is a clear distinction between Him and God whom He was with. The God who Jesus was with is [the] God the Father. Jesus was not the same God He was with but rather Jesus was God in the sense of being divine just like His Father, as being the Son, He inherits the characteristics of His Father. The Father is God and so His Son is God by nature. In Hebrews 1:1-9 we note that the speaker is God the Father and that He is addressing the Son and calling Him God. Verse 4 says, “Being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” We find in verse 8 that this more excellent name is the name “God,” which is given by the Father to the Son. “Unto the Son He [God] saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever.” And so this name “He has by inheritance.” It is not a name that was bestowed but a name that was inherited from His Father.
Christ not only inherited His name but other things as well. Name means authority (Mark 11:9, John 5:43), and it also means character and nature (Exodus 33:18-19, Exodus 34:5-6). The name Adam means human for example. When people have children, they not only inherit the name of their parents but they also inherit the nature of the parents, which of course is human nature. In like manner Jesus inherited the same name as His Father, just as a child inherits the name of the parents, and He also inherits the nature of His Father, which is His divine nature. Christ also inherits His Father life. “For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself.” John 5:26. So Christ inherited not only the name of His Father, and the nature of His Father but also the very life of the Father. In other words, Christ inherited the very same attributes and nature as His Father. That is why Christ has a more excellent name than the angels. He has the divine nature of the Father as He comes from the Father and so is equal and fully divine as the Father.
One can better understand John 1:1 by using the same grammatical structure but with different subjects such as Adam and Eve for example. “In the beginning was the woman, and the woman was with [the] human, and the woman was human.” Adam is “the human” and the woman is Eve, but Eve is also human by nature but Eve is not “the human” in identity. They are two separate persons. Look at this again with this perspective in mind. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with the Deity, and the Word was Deity.” The Word, the Son was with the supreme Deity the Father, and the Word was Deity in nature. But the Son was not “the” Deity, the Son was not “the” Father, yet the Son has the Father's divine nature by inheritance. The Word has the same God quality, the same divine nature and the same God-ness as His Father. Thus Jesus was with God in the beginning, but is not “the” God the Father but God by inheritance and nature being the Son.
Now, the Bible states that Christ was not created but created all things. John 1:3 states, “All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made.” This verse has two direct statements being that Jesus preexisted and created all things and that all things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. Did you notice that John said that not only were all things made through Him but also that without Him nothing was made.
Paul also confirms what John wrote, “For by Him all things were created.” Paul continues to make sure that we understand what he means by all things. “For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:” Colossians 1:16.
If Jesus created all things then He could not have been one of the created things. Paul adds the following just so there can be no mistake about this fact. “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” Colossians 1:17.
Consider the following. If we could travel at a centillion (10303) times the speed of light in any one direction, would we ever find the end of the universe, like perhaps a wall with a sign saying this is the end? And if so, what would be on the other side of that wall? And what existed before Christ created this universe and all things through His Father? Nothing? And how long did nothing exist for if that was the case? It would have to be forever! And what about God, when did He begin to exist and who created Him? The answer is that there was never a time He did not exist and hence could never have been created. He is God and has always been! And what about the Son of God who was born of the same substance of God? The same applies. He could have come from God when He came into existence. But when was that again? There never was a time that God did not exist as He always has! The truth is that everything that Christ consists of had no beginning, so His divinity had no beginning, His makeup; His substance had no beginning as it all came from the Father. So in principle, everything Christ is had no beginning. If you trace Christ back you will have to go through the Father and you will never get to a beginning. But His personality as the Son began when He was brought forth by His Father. This principle is brought out in Scripture in a number of places. So in effect it is only the personality of Christ that had a beginning. These are the mysteries of God and things our mind cannot possibly comprehend.
Who is God?
Is God a person? Is He a thing or perhaps some invisible cosmic force? These are important questions to answer and should be easily answered by anyone who understands and knows God. Surprisingly, many Christians are stumped by these questions because they have been taught that God is some ghostly, mysterious vapor that pervades all nature.
Daniel was given a vision that helps us understand God. He wrote, “I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.” Daniel 7:9.
Someone called “the Ancient of days,” who wears a white garment and has white hair takes a seat on a throne. Shortly thereafter the “Son of man,” (verse 13) comes before Him. The Ancient of days must be God, the Father. So according to the Bible our heavenly Father is a real Person.
John was given a vision of this same event and states, “And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.” Revelation 5:1. Shortly after John saw this, Jesus Christ approaches the throne and takes the book out of His Father's hand. So again we find that God is a real Person who sits on a throne and has a book in His right hand.
God must be a real Person, for Jesus said, “Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.” Matthew 5:8. In another place Jesus warns, “Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 18:10.
We should expect that God is a real Person for we were created in His image and likeness (Genesis 1:26). When we get to heaven we will find that we resemble God. We will not find a three headed monster with six arms or any other strange thing like that. God's outward form is very much like our own.
The author of the book of Hebrews wrote, “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;” Hebrews 1:1-3. Here we learn that Jesus Christ is the express image of God's Person. Therefore God must be a person and Jesus Christ is a real Person also.
Paul confirmed this when He wrote, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:” Philippians 2:5-6. The Greek word that was translated “form” means, “the form by which a person or thing strikes the vision, external appearance.” (Thayer's Greek Lexicon). God has an external appearance and His Son Jesus Christ has the same type of appearance. See also Exodus 33:20-23.
Revelation 2:7 and 22:1-2 say that the throne of God is in paradise where the tree of life is and that is where we find God and His Son. God the Person is not omnipresent but can be anywhere through His Spirit. Beware of Pantheism which is the belief that the universe and nature is identical with divinity, which basically would make God everything around us.
Who is Jesus Christ?
Jesus “asked His disciples, saying, Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am? So they said, Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets. He said to them, But who do you say that I am? Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.” Matthew 16:13-17 NKJV.
This passage says that the Father who is in Heaven, revealed to Peter, that Jesus who was on Earth, is none other than His Son. Jesus Christ being the Son of God is so important that John wrote at the close of his gospel, “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you might have life through his name.” John 20:30-31.
Right after Paul learned the gospel directly from Christ Himself, “straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.” Acts 9:20. The apostle Peter, who lived with Jesus and heard His messages firsthand said, “And we believe and are sure that you are that Christ, the Son of the living God.” John 6:69. Christ's disciples also exclaimed, “we believe that you came forth from God.” John 16:30. Martha who was a close friend of Jesus and heard many of His teachings said to Him, “Yes, Lord: I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.” John 11:27. Right after Phillip preached the gospel to the eunuch, “said, If you believe with all thine heart, you may. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” Acts 8:37. Mark said who Jesus was in the first verse of his Gospel. “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” Mark 1:1. Even the demons knew, “they cried out, saying, What have we to do with you, Jesus, you Son of God?” Matthew 8:29.
Christ said, “For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist:” Luke 7:28. John the Baptist testified, “And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.” John 1:34.
Of all the witnesses, the greatest is God the Father Himself. Twice He spoke from heaven saying, “This is my beloved Son,” Matthew 3:17; 17:5 Jesus proclaimed, “I am the Son of God.” John 10:36. He said that He is “the only begotten Son of God.” John 3:18. According to the Bible Jesus Christ was begotten, which literally means born, and before anything was created and long before God sent Him into the world. (John 3:16-17; 18:37; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:1-9 and 1 John 4:9) How Jesus was begotten is not for us to know but God wants us to know that He is His Son who He loves very much. Jesus said, “For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself.” John 5:26. According to His own testimony, Jesus is the only begotten Son of God and literally received life from His Father.
This is what Paul explained in regards to Christ, “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature.” Colossians 1:15 KJV. Note that the latter part of this verse in the KJV is a bit misleading and should have been translated as “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.” Colossians 1:15 NKJV. Some use this verse to say that Christ Himself was a created being. But such an interpretation is contradicted elsewhere in Scripture such as John 1:1-4 and Colossians 1:16-17. Thus we see that Paul is telling us that Christ was “Begotten First or Born Before all creation” because all of creation was created by Christ through His Father. “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world has been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ.” Ephesians 3:9
Thayer's Greek Lexicon says, “Christ is called, firstborn of all creation, who came into being through God prior to the entire universe of created things.” Barnes New Testament Notes on Colossians 1:15 says, “the word firstborn - pro-tot-ok’-os - properly means the firstborn child of a father or mother.” Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary says, “Begotten (literally, ‘born’) before every creature.” Matthew Henry’s Commentary states “He was born or begotten before all the creation, before any creature was made;”
The Bible refers to Jesus Christ as “the image of God,” “the image of the invisible God,” and “the express image of his person.” (2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:3). An image is never the original but always a likeness or duplication of the original. Christ is the Son of God and therefore the express image of His Father. It would be incorrect to say that the Father is the image of His Son because the Father is the original. In the same manner it would be incorrect to refer to Christ as the true or original God since He is the image of the true God.
Since the trinity doctrine teaches three co-eternal beings, then the Bible stating Jesus is the Son of God presents another serious problem for Trinitarians. If Jesus is born of God as the Bible states more than a hundred times, then Jesus cannot be co-eternal with the Father and so this is yet another thing that Trinitarians have to explain away. One way this is done is by a play on words from the definition of the Greek word for “begotten” which is “monogenēs.” So it is claimed that “monogenēs” means one of a kind rather than the intended meaning of being born of God and hence the Son of God. Strong's dictionary says, only born, that is, sole: - only (begotten, child). The Thayer definition is as follows:
1) single of its kind, only
1a) used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents)
1b) used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God
Since the word “son” is prefixed by the word “begotten” more than once when referring to Christ, then it can only mean Jesus is born of God and why He is called the Son of God to state the obvious. There is not one single Scripture in the Bible that uses this Greek word that does not refer to an only son, daughter or child that was not begotten. We also have Paul's testimony in Colossians 1:15 which says Christ was the first born before anything else was created. And the Greek word “prōtotokos” cannot be abused as it means, first born (usually as noun, literally or figuratively): - firstbegotten (-born). There are also other Scriptures that show Jesus was born of God as you are about to see, not that there should be any doubt!
The Bible refers to Christ as God's Son at least 120 times. Forty seven times using the phrase “Son of God.” Regarding the genuineness of Christ's Sonship, He is called “the only begotten” five times, “the firstborn” three times, “the firstbegotten” once and God's “holy child” twice. Four verses say He was “begotten” prior to His incarnation so this cannot be applied to His birth on Earth from Mary as some have chosen to believe. Four verses say that He “proceeded forth from,” “came out from” or “camest forth from” the Father. The evidence on this subject is overwhelming. Christ truly is the literal begotten Son of God who was brought forth from the Father before all creation. The example verses below with the help of the Thayer dictionary reveal that Jesus was born of the Father before the world was, then much later, He came into the world.
Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon
G1831 - To come forth from physically, arise from, to be born of.
G2064 - To come from one place to another.
John 8:42 “Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, you would love me: for I proceeded forth [G1831] and came from God; neither came [G2064] I of myself, but he sent me.”
John 16:27-28 “For the Father himself loveth you, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came out [G1831] from God. 28 I came forth [G1831] from the Father, and am come [G2064] into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.”
John 17:7-8 “Now they have known that all things whatsoever you have given me are of you. 8 For I have given unto them the words which you gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out [G1831] from you, and they have believed that you did send me.”
Trinitarians also claim that Jesus cannot be divine if He was born of God which is just another tactic Satan uses to scare people from the truth. In any case, the problem is actually the other way around. Jesus is fully divine because He “is” begotten of the Father and hence came from the Father and so He has the same divine nature as His Father. If Jesus did not get His divine nature from His Father, then where did He get it from? That would mean that Jesus would have to be a God in His own right just like His Father and so we would have two true gods. This would also break the first Commandment where the one true God the Father says, “You shall have no other gods before me.” Exodus 20:3. It does not say before us. If Jesus does not have the same divine nature as His Father because He is His Son, then we have a serious problem.
Another way of trying to explain away the truth is to say that Jesus cannot be born of God because He has no mother which is an anthropomorphic idea. Just because something does not seem reasonable or logical to us, or just because it does not make sense to us, it does not prove it is not truth. Our heavenly Father said, “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD. 9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.” Isaiah 55:8-9. Scripture does not lie and those opposing the truth on Christ being begotten of the Father should know all things are possible with God. We should not put human limitations on how or what God can and cannot do based on human finite knowledge over the omniscience and omnipotence of God. Why do so many Christians try to explain away literally hundreds of clear words that state Jesus is the Son of God just to uphold a pagan doctrine that does not exist in the Bible? When Satan goes to this much effort you know it has to be extremely important.
So when does the Bible say Christ was brought forth or born from the Father? Proverbs 8:23-26 says, “I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. 24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. 25 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth: 26 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.” So Christ was brought forth from the Father before the Earth was created in the days of eternity. Note that the Hebrew word “Olam” used for everlasting in verse 23 in the KJV has several possible meanings and has been translated in many different ways according to context and what the translators believed to be correct. It can mean “the vanishing point”, “time out of mind - past or future”, “ancient time” and “beginning of the world” to name a few. Here are some other translations that demonstrate this point.
Proverbs 8:23 CJB “I was appointed before the world, before the start, before the earth's beginnings.”
Proverbs 8:23 HCSB “I was formed before ancient times, from the beginning, before the earth began.”
Proverbs 8:23 MSG “I was brought into being a long time ago, well before Earth got its start.”
Proverbs 8:23 NLT “I was appointed in ages past, at the very first, before the earth began.”
Proverbs 8:23 NLV “I was set apart long ago, from the beginning, before the earth was.”
Proverbs 8:23 RSV “Ages ago I was set up, at the first, before the beginning of the earth.”
Some also have the wrong concept of the word beginning in Scripture. God of course has no beginning and the word beginning means the “origin” and source of something. One example from the Oxford dictionary for “beginning” is, “The background or origins of a person or organization.” If Christ was co-eternal with the Father, than like His Father, He would have no beginning. The Septuagint that Jesus quoted from says, “He established me in the beginning, before time was, before He made the earth.” So all Bible translations of Proverbs 8:23 in fact actually say Christ has an origin! This verse also describes this same time period in three ways for clarity and yet many still get it wrong. Bible writers did not understand science as we do and measured time by the spheres in the sky that did not exist until Christ created everything. So Christ was established in the beginning (Genesis 1:1) before He made the earth, which was before time was since there was nothing to measure time by yet. And so the phrases “from eternity”, “from everlasting”, “before time was”, “the days of eternity”, “from the beginning” and “before the earth was” all mean the same thing. Quite simply, before the earth and all things were created. Micah 5:2 also informs us that Christ has an origin and was brought forth a long time ago. It also uses the Hebrew word “Olam” as Proverbs 8:23 and has the same translation issue. The phrase “goings forth” in the KJV implies an origin of course and why the NIV used the word “origins.”
Micah 5:2 KJV “But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.”
Micah 5:2 NIV “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
Some have mistaken the words “Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever:” in Hebrews 1:8 to mean His throne has always existed but it uses the same Greek words as Revelation 22:5 in regards to for ever and ever and both refer to forward in time unless of course we have always existed. The NIV is clearer as it says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever.”
John 8:58 is another verse brought into question that no doubt refers to a time before Abraham but when? Note that the words “I am” simply means “I exist”. See Barnes Commentary on this verse. Jesus appears to be making reference to Exodus 3:14 “And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shall you say unto the children of Israel, I AM has sent me unto you.” These words have been variously understood for centuries. The Vulgate translates it as “I am who am.” The Septuagint to “I am he who exists.” The Targum of Jonathan and the Jerusalem Targum paraphrase the words as “He who spake, and the world was; who spake, and all things existed.” The original words literally signify, “I will be what I will be.” So the only solid conclusion we can come to is that Christ was not just saying He existed before Abraham but before the beginning of this world and was with God at this time, which is consistent with the above information and John 1:1.
The Alpha and Omega the Beginning and the End
Many have assumed that Revelation 1:8, 11; 21:6 and 22:13 refer to all eternity as in the beginning of all time. But to begin with, there is no beginning to time as we know it and God has always been and has no beginning. Note Clarke's Commentary on Revelation 1:8 and how these terms were used and applied by the Jews.
The beginning and the end referred to in these passages are the beginning of this created world, while the end is the second coming of Christ and the end of this world, when a New Heaven and Earth are created. Looking at the context of the above passages in Revelation (extra verses included for context), you will note they are always referring to the end of this world in reference to the new Earth and His second coming. And as Clarke's Commentary on Revelation 22:13 also explains, the beginning is when this all started. Considering these verses in Revelation that state the beginning and the end are referring to the creating and beginning of this world, consider now Genesis 1:1, John 1:1-3 and Hebrews 1:10.
Who or What is the Holy Spirit?
Many think a spirit is a ghost in the form of some bodiless phantom that floats around. The American Heritage Dictionary says ghost means “The spirit of a dead person, especially one believed to appear in bodily likeness to living persons or to haunt former habitats.” But the Holy Spirit is certainly not a ghost as described above. Note that “Holy Ghost,” should have been translated as “Holy Spirit.” Sometimes they translated πνευμα αγιον (pneuma hagion) as “Holy Ghost,” and other times they translated the same phrase as “Holy Spirit.”
The book of Job says, “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.” Job 32:8. A spirit is the part of a person that can be grieved. Daniel explains, “I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body,” Daniel 7:15. A spirit is the part of a person that can perceive or understand things. In Mark's gospel we read, “And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason you these things in your hearts?” Mark 2:8. A spirit is the part of a person that can be troubled. The king of Babylon had a dream and he told his wise men, “I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.” Daniel 2:3. So we find that our spirit is our mind, will and emotions.
The Bible mentions several types of spirits. We find “evil spirit,” “dumb spirit,” “unclean spirit,” “foul spirit,” “humble spirit,” “excellent spirit,” “good spirit,” “broken spirit,” “wounded spirit,” “faithful spirit,” and “haughty spirit” etc. All these spirits are distinguishable by the adjective that describes them such as good, foul and humble etc. We know that God the Father has a spirit (Matthew 10:20) and His Spirit of course could be nothing other than Holy. The word “Holy” is also an adjective be it in English or Greek. So “Holy Spirit” is not a name but a description of the Spirit of God.
What would you think if I said, “I know that we have met before, but have you met my spirit? I would like to introduce you to my spirit who is sitting over there on that chair.” You would obviously think I had a twisted concept of what my spirit is. It is not some other person that is separate and distinct from me. My spirit is who I am and hence is my mind, will and emotions.
God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ have different names and titles in the Bible because they are Personal Beings. If the Holy Spirit is a personal being co-equal with the Father and Son as the trinity doctrine teaches, then why doesn't it have a personal name also? The “Spirit” is not a name, it is what it is. “Holy” is just the adjective that describes God's Spirit, and other terms such as the “Spirit of God” is not a name either but what it is. It is the Spirit of God! It is also called the “Spirit of your Father” which once again is just what it is. So if the Holy Spirit is truly a personal being then why no personal name?
The Greek word “pneuma” for Spirit also means mind. Strong's definition is, a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ’s spirit, the Holy spirit: - ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind.
Now note below that Paul in Romans 11:34 is quoting Isaiah 40:13. So we know that Paul understood the Spirit of the Lord to also mean the mind of the Lord. And of course the mind of someone is not a different person to them any more than their spirit is and this also includes God as Paul reveals below. So again we find that your spirit is your mind, will and emotions for not only people but God also. The Greek word “pneuma” and equivalent Hebrew word “rûach” are also interchangeably translated as “spirit” or “mind” in various translations and “rûach” is translated as “mind” in the KJV Bible six times.
“Who has known the mind of the Lord? And who has been His counselor, to instruct Him?” Isaiah 40:13 CAB
“Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor has taught him?” Isaiah 40:13 KJV
“For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counsellor?” Romans 11:34 KJV
It was not in fact until 381 AD when a newly appointed and baptized archbishop, with little or “no” knowledge of theology, decided that the Spirit of God was a literal separate person and anyone who disagreed was labelled a foolish madman and heretic and dealt with accordingly! So this Catholic belief flowed on through the dark ages and straight into the Protestant Churches at the Protestant Reformation without being questioned as did the trinity doctrine. Hence it was just assumed to be correct and so they instead justified it by saying that secular dictionaries state a person has mind, will and emotions and various Scriptures say the Holy Spirit does also, and therefore it must be a literal person. But as we have already seen, this unbiblical logic would also mean my spirit within me is also a person, and separate from me.
And as we have seen in Scripture, God and His Son and all living beings have a spirit which is what gives us all a unique personality with our own mind, will and emotions. So for the “Spirit of God” to be a “literal person” as it is erroneously believed today, then the “Spirit of God” would have to have its “own spirit” and one that is also distinct from the Father and Son. But then we are forced into the absurd belief of the “spirit of the Spirit,” and if the Holy Spirit did not have a spirit of its own as per this absurd belief, then it could not have a separate personality and hence its own mind, will and emotions anyway! And what about the spirit of the Spirit? Is that another literal being since the spirit of the spirit would also have to have mind, will and emotions? When would this absurdity stop?
Notice how Paul compares the spirit of man with the Spirit of God which alone reveals this teaching to be in error. “For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.” 1 Corinthians 2:11 NIV. Here the spirit of man is likened to the Spirit of God. Just as a man has a spirit, God also has a Spirit in the same manner, and His Spirit is the part of Him associated with His thoughts and emotions the same as a man. Ephesians 4:30 says the Holy Spirit is “the holy Spirit of God” and to grieve not His Spirit. So just as the spirit of man can be grieved so can God's. If I told you that I was grieving in my spirit, would you think my spirit was a separate person? Obviously not. And it is no different with God and His Spirit in this respect. God's Spirit belongs to God, just as my spirit belongs to me. We should expect no less since we were made in God's image (Genesis 1:26). So as Paul said, the Spirit of God knows the thoughts of God because it is His Holy Spirit and hence has His mind, will and emotions just like man. And of course Paul also revealed in Romans 11:34 given above that the mind and spirit are correlated. He further shows this relationship in Ephesians 4:23 where he said “be renewed in the spirit of your mind.” This is Biblical exegesis but to say the Holy Spirit has mind, will and emotions so therefore must be a literal and separate person is an unbiblical assumption and eisegesis. Paul in 1 Corinthians 2:11 shows the difference is that man's spirit is within him but does not say this about God's Spirit as God can send His Spirit anywhere. There is also no Scripture that says the Holy Spirit is God.
Notice these examples of how “Holy Spirit” is used in the Bible. Matthew 3:16 “and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:” And in the parallel verse of Luke 3:22 “And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him,” So these parallel verses show that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God.
And for an even clearer example. Luke 12:11-12 says, “take you no thought how or what thing you shall answer, or what you shall say: For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what you ought to say.” Here is the same account recorded by Matthew but notice the words he used to describe the Holy Spirit. “take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak. For it is not you that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.” Matthew 10:19-20. So Matthew called the Holy Spirit “the Spirit of your Father.”
This is why the Holy Spirit has all the characteristics of the Father because it is His Spirit. Whose Spirit was Jesus anointed with at His baptism? “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:” Matthew 3:16. By the power of whose Spirit did Jesus cast out demons? “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.” Matthew 12:28. The Apostles did many miracles by the power of whose Spirit just as Jesus did? “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.” Romans 15:19. This unmistakable verse says the Holy Spirit is God's Spirit. “Therefore he who rejects this does not reject man, but God who has also given us His Holy Spirit.” 1 Thessalonians 4:8. There are more than twenty five verses that reveal this simple truth. Here is one more. “And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption.” Ephesians 4:30.
Paul said, “he who rejects this does not reject man, but God who has also given us His Holy Spirit.” 1 Thessalonians 4:8. So the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God and thus is from God. This is why Peter said that to lie to the Spirit of God is to lie to God Himself as it is His Spirit (Acts 5:3-4). God's spirit revealed to Peter that Ananius had lied and so he had really lied to God as it was God through His spirit that revealed the lie. It does not mean however that the Holy Spirit is God, which is the argument Trinitarians use for this belief and is what I call red fire engine logic. That is, fire engines are red, my car is red, therefore my car is a fire engine. As Paul said, “no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.” 1 Corinthians 2:11 NIV.
Since the trinity doctrine claims the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are literally three co-equal persons, then 1 John 1:3 should have said “truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit,” but not so! The same applies to 1 John 2:22-23. And what an unbelievable and inexplicable oversight for Paul also if the Spirit were indeed a person co-equal with God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ. Because Paul has excluded the Holy Spirit in every one of his greetings! So how many personal beings does Paul say there are? “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6. So what happened to the Holy Spirit? And who did John say we need to know to have eternal life according to Christ? “And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” John 17:3. And where is the Holy Spirit here? Luke wrote that no one knows who the Father and Son are except each other, which excludes the Holy Spirit who would know according to the trinity doctrine but not so. “All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.” Luke 10:22. There are dozens of such verses that reveal the same thing over and over. The idea of the Holy Spirit being a literal person was an invention of man in 381 AD that Scripture reveals is error and impossible.
It is also worth noting that in the Old Testament that the phrase “Holy Spirit” is used 3 times, “Spirit of God” 14 times and “Spirit of the Lord” 26 times. All these phrases are synonymous and not one of these 43 verses imply the Holy Spirit is God or an actual separate person but simply the Holy Spirit of God. Jewish scholars examining the references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament Scriptures have never defined the Holy Spirit as anything but the power and presence of God.
Who is the Comforter?
This is another area of great confusion as some believe that the Comforter is the Holy Spirit while others say it is Christ. Both in a sense could be considered correct providing you understand the Holy Spirit is not a literal person. A lot confusion also comes from a misunderstanding of John 14:26 from the King James Bible which says, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” But note the words “which is” are italicized in the KJV because they were added by the translators and do not exist in the original Greek manuscripts. The Modern King James Bible reads, “But the Comforter, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things,” You will not find these two added words in almost every other translation including the NKJV Bible.
These added words along with the Comforter in John 14:16 being referred to as a “he” have mislead many into believing the Holy Spirit is a literal person. But this is ignorance of what is known as grammatical gender. The pronoun “he” is used only because the grammatical gender for the word “Comforter” is “masculine” in the Greek which would remain the same for this word even if the Comforter was a female. Many fail to understand that it is grammatical gender and not sexual gender. In any case, the grammatical gender for the word “Spirit” is actually “neuter” in the Greek and not masculine. Not only that, but the grammatical gender for Holy “Spirit” can be masculine, feminine or neuter depending on which language it was written in, which alone reveals the error and misunderstanding. For instance, in Hebrew the Holy “Spirit” would be feminine. Languages derived from Latin such as Greek, Spanish, French etc have a specific gender for every noun that does not change. So every object be it animate or inanimate is designated as masculine, feminine or neuter for each of these languages. But the gender is often unrelated to whether the item is actually masculine or feminine. See is the Holy Spirit a he or it for more detail.
The Greek word for Comforter is “paraklētos” which according to the Strong's dictionary means, “intercessor, advocate, comforter.” The Thayer dictionary used these words, “one who pleads another’s cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, legal assistant, an advocate.” So who is our advocate and comforter? Who is the mediator between God and man? There can be no mistake as John says, “My little children, these things write I unto you, that you sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate [paraklētos] with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:” 1 John 2:1 Parentheses are added. Note that the word for advocate here is exactly the same Greek word [paraklētos] used in John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7 for Comforter but has been translated here as advocate. So John says our advocate and comforter is “Jesus Christ the righteous.” And again, who does Timothy say our mediator and hence advocate is between God and man. “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” 1 Timothy 2:5.
John 14:16-23 below is also clear who the Comforter is, but the moment Christ says “another Comforter,” most become blind to the fact He is referring to Himself despite His clear words that follow. The Greek word for another is “allos,” which means another of the same kind and hence means another as the same kind as Christ. Most also fail to notice that Jesus often speaks of Himself in the third person as He has in this passage. See John 17:1-4 for one such example.
So in this passage below Jesus tells His disciples that the Comforter is someone that the world cannot receive (verse 17) because the world does not know Him, but they know Him because He is dwelling with them. So who is it that is dwelling with them? Jesus! And in verse 18 Jesus says that He will not leave them comfortless and that “He” will come to them. Thus Jesus states that it is Himself who will be their Comforter. In verse 22 Judas reveals who it is that the world cannot receive (verse 17), and that in a while the world will see Him no more (verse 19), as Jesus is returning to the Father shortly after His resurrection. Hence the Comforter is someone whom the world cannot receive because the world doesn't know Him but they do. So who do they know that will manifest Himself to them and not unto the world? The green highlighted text has the answer. Jesus of course is the truth as stated a few verses earlier and the spirit of it. John 14:6, 1 John 4:6. Who is more qualified to comfort us other than someone who has lived and suffered as one of us and knows what it is like to be tempted?
John 14:16-23 “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another [allos] Comforter [paraklētos], that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. 18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. 19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but you see me: because I live, you shall live also. 20 At that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. 21 He that has my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. 22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that you will manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? 23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.” Parentheses are added.
In John 16:7 Jesus says, “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.” So how is it that the Comforter who was yet to be sent to them was dwelling with them in John 14? And in John 7:39 we find “But this spoke he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.” So Jesus returning as the Comforter is dependent on Him returning to the Father and being glorified as well as the Holy Spirit being given. Hence it is through the Holy Spirit that the Comforter will come. Jesus said, “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.” John 15:26. Did you notice the underlined section of John 14:23 above? It says “we will come unto him and make our abode with him.” That is, both the Father and the Son through the Holy Spirit. How precious is this to have both the Father and the Son? Those who do not understand this are missing out on such a blessing.
That brings us back to John 14:26. Many believe that the Holy Spirit is the Comforter as a literal person separate from Christ because they misunderstand John 14:26 and who the Spirit truly is. The added words “which is” in the KJV tend to be misleading, and while these words can be used, this passage would be less likely misunderstood if the word “through” was used instead. This would be consistent with all other Scripture and without the seemingly apparent contradiction with the previous verses that reveal that Christ is our Comforter or advocate, and hence our mediator.
It would read without misunderstanding as, “But the Comforter, through the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” John 14:26.
Christ could not be in all places and with everyone at the same time in human form, but through the Spirit, He could be with everyone as their Comforter. So Christ comes as our Comforter through the Holy Spirit, which He sends to us, and when we receive the Holy Spirit, we are receiving both the Spirit of the Father, and through the spirit, His Son also. Thus the Comforter can rightly be called either the Spirit of the Father or the Spirit of Christ, or both. We find Paul interchanging these terms in Romans 8:9-11. These quotes are provided for the benefit of Seventh day Adventists.
Is Jesus the Son of God?
Most will say, “I have always believed Jesus is the Son of God.” Don’t all Christians believe that? The sad reality is that most professed Christians do not believe Jesus to be the Son of God if they subscribe to their denominational statements of belief.
Almost all Christians state, “Jesus is the Son of God,” but there are different meanings attached to these words. Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus is the Son of God, but when asked to explain, say that Jesus was the first angel that God created and was no different from Lucifer or the other angels. Roman Catholics say that Jesus is the Son of God, but when they are asked to explain, say that the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God. Others will explain that Jesus is a co-eternal companion of God whom God declared to be His Son even though He is not really His Son. And yet others will tell you that Jesus became the Son of God when He was born in Bethlehem and was not the Son of God in any other sense.
Every one of these explanations denies that Jesus is the Son of God in some way. The trinity doctrine denies there really is a divine father and a divine son because it teaches that the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit are the same one God. And so this is a denial of both the Father and the Son which is antichrist. “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: but he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.” 1 John 2:22-23. Notice that John says nothing about denying the Holy Spirit that is also supposed to be God and co-equal with God. Denying the Son of God just to uphold a Church doctrine that is not taught in the Bible has serious consequences.
Who do you worship?
Jesus included Himself when He said, “we know what we worship” John 4:22. He then explained who He worships. He said, “the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth.” Jesus worships His Father along with all “true worshipers” John 4:23. Jesus worships His Father because His Father is His God.
Jesus said to Mary after His resurrection, “Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.” John 20:17. Jesus told His disciples that His God is the same God as their God. He also explained who this God is being the Father. He told the disciples that His Father is also our Father, and His God is also our God.
Many Churches are clearly confused. You often hear, “We thank you O Father for coming down and dying for our sins.” And then you hear people closing the prayer “in Jesus name.” Does it make sense to pray to Jesus in His own name? He is our mediator, and He told us to pray to the Father in Jesus’ name (Luke 11:2; John 16:23; Ephesians 5:20). You hear people pray to the Father and end with, “in your name.” The Bible says, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” 1 Timothy 2:5. We are to pray to God, the Father, in the name of our Mediator Christ Jesus. It would appear that people who confuse the Biblical distinctions and positions of the Father and Son do not know who they are worshiping and hence are not worshiping in spirit and in truth.
Early Church Error
Probably the most widely held Christian view of God is the trinity doctrine which has its origins in the Church of Rome and the council of Nicea. This belief teaches the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God and yet there are not three gods but one God. But the question remains, is this view found in Scripture.
The most commonly accessed Encyclopedia on the Internet is Wikipedia. So a “consensus of Modern exegetes” tell us that both the Old and New Testaments do not explicitly contain the doctrine of the trinity. It came into Christendom from another source outside of Scripture. The Encyclopedia Britannica basically says the same thing as the Wikipedia. Both tell us that the idea of the trinity came after Scripture and from sources outside of Scripture. The Oxford Companion to the Bible says it “cannot be clearly detected within the confines of the canon”? Is that a nice way of saying that the Bible does not teach the doctrine of trinity? The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia and the Encarta Encyclopedia says the doctrine of the trinity is not explicitly taught in the New Testament. Can we base our faith purely on inference alone? If it is a fundamental doctrine in Christianity, it should surely have enough evidence to have become a doctrine! Another two from Encyclopedia of Religion and the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. If the Bible does not teach this doctrine then where did it come from? And last the International Standard Bible Dictionary. I will leave the reader to define the word “allusion.”
Getting to the source of the trinity doctrine. Let's go to the authority which states that it is the source of the idea being the Roman Catholic Church and see if their definition has any Biblical basis. This Roman Catholic source is clear as to the origin of the trinity doctrine. Scripture does not present the idea of the trinity doctrine. It came after the canon of Scripture was closed and was developed in the 4th and 5th centuries. The New Catholic Encyclopedia puts it this way. So do we have one God in three parts, or three gods in one? The Catholic Encyclopedia clears up the matter for us in a masterpiece of theological close reasoning.
“In the unity of the Godhead there are three Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, these Three Persons being truly distinct one from another. Thus, in the words of the Athanasian Creed: 'the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are not three Gods but one God.'”
Both the Trinity doctrine and Sunday worship have their origins in paganism and the Catholic Church. When the Protestant Reformation begun, all the new Churches continued with Sunday worship and the Trinity doctrine in ignorance. There is a growing count of over 550 Sabbath keeping denominations now but most are still trapped in Trinitarianism. Compare the two quotes below from the Catholic Church who say if you are going to follow the Bible than you should not be following either.
“Most Christians assume that Sunday is the biblically approved day of worship. The Catholic Church protests that it transferred Christian worship from the biblical Sabbath (Saturday) to Sunday, and that to try to argue that the change was made in the Bible is both dishonest and a denial of Catholic authority. If Protestantism wants to base its teachings only on the Bible, it should worship on Saturday.” — (Rome’s Challenge www.immaculateheart.com/maryonline Dec 2003)
“Our opponents sometimes claim that no belief should be held dogmatically which is not explicitly stated in scripture . . . But the Protestant Churches have themselves accepted such dogmas, as the Trinity, for which there no such precise authority in the Gospels,” — (Assumption of Mary, Life magazine, October 30, 1950, p. 51)
Names for the Godhead Compared
Below are some phrases found in Scripture for the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit compared to Trinitarian phrases.
|The Father||Jesus Christ||The Holy Spirit||Trinitarian|
|“God the Father” 13 times||“Son of God” 48 times.||“Spirit of God” 26 times||“God the Holy Spirit” 0 times|
|“The Most High God” 11 times||“only begotten” 6 times||“God's Spirit” 9 times||“God the Son” 0 times|
|“The Highest” 6 times||His “firstborn” 4 times||“Thy spirit” 4 times||“God in three persons” 0 times|
|“Abba” 3 times||God's “holy child” 2 times||“The Holy Spirit of God” 1 time||“Trinity” 0 times|
|“The only true God” 1 time||“The firstbegotten” 1 time||“Spirit of your Father” 1 time||“Triune God” 0 times|
Is One Unity or Quantity?
Some of the confusion regarding the number of beings in the Godhead comes from a misunderstanding of the word “one.” Simply put, “one” in the Bible does not always mean numerical quantity. Depending on the Scripture, “one” often means unity.
We see this principle established very early in Scripture. “Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.” Genesis 2:24. “One flesh” here does not mean that a married couple melt into one human after their wedding, but rather they are to be united into one family. Jesus prayed that the apostles would be one in the same way He and the Father are one, “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one.” John 17:22-23.
Romans 12:5 says, “So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.” So does that make us all one single Christian? You would have to say yes if you follow the Trinitarian formula.
Christ boldly proclaimed, “I and my Father are one,” which has caused many to be confused and think that Jesus is the Father or is somehow joined to Him in a way that makes the Father and Son a compound being. The Jewish leaders were outraged by this statement and sought to execute Him because they thought Jesus was claiming to be God Himself. “The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.” John 10:30, 33. Three verses on we find Jesus denies the charge of claiming to be God and pointed out that His claim was merely to be the Son of God. “Say you of him, whom the Father has sanctified, and sent into the world, You blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?” John 10:36.
So Jesus did not mean in person as He clarified and because the Father is a distinct person from the Son, and the Son a distinct person from the Father. As Gills Commentary on John 10:30 states, this is further shown from the use of the verb plural, “I and my Father” εσμεν, “we are one.” The words of Christ further on in John also show that He meant one in unity as He also prayed that the apostles would be one in the same way He and the Father are one, “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:” John 17:22 and “Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom you have given me, that they may be one, as we are.” John 17:11.
As for three being one, 1 John 5:7 is the “only” Scripture in the entire Bible that says all three are one without assumptions or unbiblical human logic as previously seen. The King James Version reads as follows, “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.” 1 John 5:7-8.
But the majority are unaware and stunned to find that there is an extremely serious problem with these two verses. The words shown in red are only found in the KJV, NKJV and a few others but are missing from the majority of translations. It is disconcerting to find there is no shortage of evidence that reveals this text was added. Thomas Nelson and Sons Catholic Commentary, 1951, page 1186 explains, “It is now generally held that this passage, called the Gomma Johanneum, is a gloss that crept into the text of the Old Latin and Vulgate at an early date, but found its way into the Greek text only in the 15th and 16th centuries.” Here is how 1 John 5:7-8 reads from the NIV and most other Bible translations. “For there are three that testify: 8 the Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.” Mouse over for a list of Bible translations for 1 John 5:7 and Adam Clarke's and other Commentaries or see was 1 John 5:7 Added to the Bible?
There is no doubt that the latter part of 1 John 5:7 and the first part of 1 John 5:8 never existed in the original and inspired words of God. So 400 years after the cross, they knew there was nothing in the Scriptures to support their pagan belief in the trinity. No problem they thought, we will just add it! And since this was not from God, then who was it really from?
What Happened to Matthew 28:19?
Trinitarians often use Matthew 28:19 to support their belief stating that by the shared authority of these three that we are commissioned to baptize. However, this verse neither affirms or denies the trinity doctrine. The trinity doctrine states that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit together make one God. This verse refers to three but never says they are one. “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” Matthew 28:19. Though one might ask how you baptize in the name of the Holy Spirit as it has no name any more than our spirit does. Holy is an adjective that describes the Spirit, which is also not a name but what it is. Wrong doctrine always presents problems.
In any case, I find myself greatly perplexed by this verse, because where do we see the Apostles or anyone else for that matter following the explicit instructions of Christ here? Here are all verses where anyone was baptized into the name of anyone. Acts 2:38; Acts 8:12; Acts 8:16; Acts 10:48; Acts 19:5; Romans 6:3; 1 Corinthians 1:13; Galatians 3:27. But as you can see, there is not one person following what Christ supposedly instructed them to do. In every one of these verses we find people baptized into the name of our Lord Jesus Christ only. So why the apparent disobedience of the apostles?
The following dictionary explains, “The historical riddle is not solved by Matthew 28:19, since, according to a wide scholarly consensus, it is not an authentic saying of Jesus, not even an elaboration of a Jesus-saying on baptism.” — (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol. 1, 1992, p. 585). Further research revealed this to be the case as all Bible commentaries and dictionaries I found quoting on this issue claimed that it was added by the Church of Rome once again to support their Trinitarian formula. Below is one of many quotes. See Mathew 28:19 added text for more.
“The basic form of our (Matthew 28:19 Trinitarian) profession of faith took shape during the course of the second and third centuries in connection with the ceremony of baptism. So far as its place of origin is concerned, the text (Matthew 28:19) came from the city of Rome.” — (Joseph Ratzinger (pope Benedict XVI) Introduction to Christianity: 1968 edition, pp. 82-83)
So how did this happen and what did the original text say if this is truth? It must be remembered that we have no known manuscripts that were written in the first, second or third centuries. There is a gap of over three hundred years between when Matthew wrote his epistle and our earliest manuscript copies. (It also took over three hundred years for the Catholic Church to evolve into what the “early church fathers” wanted it to become.) This is what my research revealed.
Eusebius (c. 260—c. 340) was the Bishop of Caesarea and is known as “the Father of Church History.” He wrote prolifically and his most celebrated work is his Ecclesiastical History, a history of the Church from the Apostolic period until his own time. Eusebius quotes many verses in his writings including Matthew 28:19. But he never quotes it as it appears in modern Bibles. He always finishes the verse with the words “in my name.” For example, in Book III of his History, Chapter 5, Section 2, which is about the Jewish persecution of early Christians, we read, “relying upon the power of Christ, who had said to them, “Go ye and make disciples of all the nations in my name.” And in his Oration in Praise of Emperor Constantine, Chapter 16, Section 8, we read, “Surely none save our only Savior has done this, when, after his victory over death, he spoke the word to his followers, and fulfilled it by the event, saying to them, “Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name.”
Eusebius was present at the council of Nicea and was involved in the debates over the Godhead. If the manuscripts he had in front of him read “in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,” he would never have quoted instead, “in my name.” So it appears that the earliest manuscripts read “in my name,” and the phrase was enlarged to reflect the orthodox position as Trinitarian influence spread.
Was Jesus Omniscient and Omnipotent when He was Here?
We find in John 21:17 Peter saying to Christ, “you know all things.” So how are we to understand Jesus saying, “But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.” Mark 13:32. Compare with Matthew 24:36. So here we have a problem because Jesus is confessing to not knowing something. And Scripture also says, “Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.” Luke 2:52. How do you increase in wisdom when you know all things? And “Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered.” Hebrews 5:8. Was Jesus limited by the human body prepared for Him and had to learn things just as we do? So what did Peter mean? Was He right? Because Jesus did not contradict Him. Or is there some way that Jesus could effectively know anything He needed?
We find the answer in many Scriptures such as John 14:26 “the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things,” Does this mean we could literally know all things? Could the human mind even contain all the infinite knowledge of God? The point to be made here is there is nothing that the Spirit of God could not teach or reveal to us or His Son. The Father knows all things and so Christ could know whatever was required through the power of the Holy Spirit whether it be the thoughts of others or any knowledge that is required according to the will of God.
And it does not stop with the omniscience of the Spirit of God but also His power. In Matthew 12:22-32 we find Jesus casting out a demon. The Pharisees claimed He did it by the power of the devil. But Jesus being fully man said He did it by the Spirit of God. He then informs them that they can speak against the Son of man and be forgiven, but blasphemy against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. Why? Because verse 28 says he did this by the power of the Holy Spirit. Remember that Jesus was the Word made flesh and was fully man. The Pharisees were not insulting the Son of man but the Spirit of God by whose power the demon was cast out and hence were blaspheming the Holy Spirit by attributing the work of the Holy Spirit to Satan. In any case, Jesus would not be casting out demons by the power of the Holy Spirit unless He had given up His omnipotence for a time now would He? Jesus said “I can of mine own self do nothing.” John 5:30.
The Bible reveals a handful of times that the miracles Christ performed while here on Earth were done by His Father in heaven. John 11:40-41 indicates it was through His Father that Lazarus was raised. Every great miracle that Jesus did was done in a similar manner by His disciples or Old Testament prophets including walking on water and raising the dead. (Matthew 14:29; John 14:12; Acts 20:9-10; 1 Kings 17:22). This is not a sign they had all power but a sign that God was with them as He was with His Son. The following verse is also interesting in that it says, “But that you may know that the Son of man has power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up your bed, and go unto thine house.” Matthew 9:6. It is significant that Jesus specified that He did have power on Earth to forgive sins indicating that He had lost something coming here as a man. And referring to Himself after He healed this paralytic man, the crowd, “marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.” Matthew 9:8. Peter also explains, “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.” Acts 10:38. Jesus also explains, “The Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.” John 14:10.
So Scripture reveals that Christ only knew what He had learned as a man and what His Father revealed to Him through His Spirit. Since our Father in Heaven knows all things, then Christ could also effectively know all things “if” the Spirit of God revealed it to Him. Thus if Jesus did not know the hour of His return it could only be because His Father had not revealed this to Him, and we are not told the reason why this was the case. Scripture shows that Jesus knew the thoughts of others but to be consistent with other Scripture, it had to be through the Holy Spirit. Peter, Elisha and Daniel all had the thoughts of others revealed to them by God also. (Acts 5:1-4; 2 Kings 5:25-27; Daniel 2:28-30).
Some will respond that Jesus did not know in His human nature but knew in His divine nature. But the trinity teaches that there is one person subsisting in two natures. Jesus cannot have two minds, one that knew something and another that did not. Unless of course you want to make the absurd claim that mind and body are not correlated.
I have actually heard several explanations for Mark 13:32, and when they are all contradictory, then the wise will know they cannot all be right. Why is it so hard to accept and understand that the disciples and many others have done all the same miracles that Jesus did by the power of the Holy Spirit (Romans 15:9), and so when Jesus came as a man that He did them the same way? It seems most refuse to accept that their Lord and Saviour gave up a lot when he came as a man, and cannot stand the thought that for a while He was not omnipresent, omniscience and omnipotent. Though most accept Christ gave up His omnipresence, but only because they have no choice as there is no avoiding this fact. However, how many have stopped to consider the incredible love of their Saviour here in that temporarily laying aside these things made an even far greater sacrifice that could have been disastrous in cosmic proportions. Jesus even had to give up His dignity and have dirty diapers changed! By Accepting the facts of Scripture, one does not have to go looking for ways of explaining away other Scriptures that show one is in error. We need to be able to harmonize all Scripture and realize that when we have to start trying to jam a square peg into a round hole then we have something wrong.
Paul in Philippians 2:5-9 speaks of the sacrifice and humility of Christ in regards to what He gave up coming as a man, even to the point of death, and that we should have the same mind and attitude as Him. The Greek text says He had the form or nature of God but emptied Himself, meaning He laid aside those divine attributes that prevented Him from living and dying as one of us. In having the same form and nature of God, He would never have been tired or suffered pain and other things that go with being in human form. Jesus had everything including immortality, and yet He willingly gave it up sacrificing all for us. But then He made an even greater sacrifice, giving up immortality, He died as a man by one of the most agonizing and drawn out deaths you could possibly imagine. When people refuse to acknowledge what Christ did give up, they also fail to acknowledge the magnitude and the depth of the sacrifice He really did make for us and how it demonstrates the immeasurable love that He and His Father have for us.
So what did Jesus get back when He returned to the Father? The fact is we are not specifically told. But we know He got back His omnipresence through the Holy Spirit as our Comforter. For example, Jesus said “Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Matthew 28:20. We also know that Jesus retained the scars in His hands, feet and side (John 20:25-27). We assume He got back everything but we will have to wait until we see Him to find out just how great a sacrifice He and His Father really made in their incredible love for us.
Here is one more example to consider that many have overlooked. Revelation 1:1 states, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:” This revelation was given to Jesus Christ by God. Why would Christ need His Father to reveal these things to Him if He knew all things? See also Gills Commentary on John 10:30 in relation to Mark 13:32.
Was Jesus Immortal when He was Here?
The trinity doctrine teaches that Jesus Christ is exactly equal to His Father in every way. Thus it is claimed that since the Father cannot die, then His Son cannot die either. But the Bible says there is only One person who cannot die and He is God the Father. The Bible says that when Jesus appears, “he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate [Sovereign or supreme ruler], the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.” 1 Timothy 6:14-16. This can only be our Heavenly Father for He is the One whom “No man hath seen... at any time.” John 1:18. The Father is the one “who only hath immortality.” Yet we know that one day we will “put on immortality.” 1 Corinthians 15:53.
So when the Bible says the Father “only hath immortality” it must mean immortality in an absolute and unlimited sense. The Bible reveals that the Father is the only One who cannot die under any circumstances. Jesus was made subject to death and “died for our sins.” 1 Corinthians 15:3. Man can die, “The soul that sinneth, it shall die.” Ezekiel 18:20. Angels can die, “everlasting fire,” is “prepared for the devil and his angels.” Matthew 25:41. God said to Satan, “I will bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee... and never shalt thou be any more.” Ezekiel 28:18-19. So it is true that the Father is the only Person who cannot die under any circumstances, which excludes His Son who tasted “death for every man” Hebrews 2:9. So Christ was not immortal when He was here and the primary reason for Him becoming a human was so that He could die for our sins. The Son of God suffered a real death for our sins. (Isaiah 53:6 and 1 John 2:2).
Others claim that Christ came down from heaven and inhabited a human body and only the human body died while the divine being from heaven remained alive. By this we would have to conclude that there was only a human sacrifice made for our redemption. It is unbiblical to say that a human sacrifice is sufficient to redeem mankind or that only half of Christ died. If Christ only pretended to die it takes away the necessity of Him becoming a man and He could have done that without becoming one. The author of Hebrews says He “was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death.” Hebrews 2:9. Christ Himself made it clear to John that He was dead. Jesus said, “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” Revelation 1:18. Jesus Christ really “died for our sins according to the Scriptures.” 1 Corinthians 15:3.
Our understanding of the Godhead affects our relationship with the Father and Son in a very real way and knowing who they are. So many are confused and do not know who they are worshipping or who abides in them. The Bible says Jesus is the Son of God and was born of God. We are not told how and we are not told when but we know it was before the creation of all things. We just need to trust that what God tells us in His Word is true.
Most Christians do not understand that with the trinity doctrine, the Father is not really a literal Father and the Son is not really a literal Son. It is said that they are role playing. It is sad how Satan has brought in this doctrine to obscure who it is we truly worship. I am blessed to know that our heavenly Father is a literal Father and the one true God and that Jesus Christ is His literal Son. I know who the Father and Son truly are and who I worship, do you?
And what a blessing it is to know it is Christ who Comforts us and that both He and His Father make their abode in us through His Spirit. John 14:16-23. So is the trinity doctrine true or false? The testimony of Scripture is there is but one God the Father and one Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 8:6). The Father and Son not only created us, but loved us and devised an amazing plan to save a lost world from sin to restore us to His presence in paradise.
This first video is a must watch for understanding the Godhead which in turn reveals the fallacy of the trinity.
The second video reveals how the trinity doctrine is a salvation issue and something most would have never imagined. It was aimed at Seventh day Adventists but is relevant to all denominations.